The thyroid gland is an organ that is located below the Adam’s apple in the throat. This butterfly shaped gland is enveloped around the windpipe. This is a very essential organ in the body as its main function is to regulate the rate of metabolism in the body. It is in charge of secreting two hormones called T3 and T4. The gland itself is controlled by the hypothalamus which is present in the brain. It is only on the command of the hypothalamus that the thyroid releases the hormones into the blood.
It has been found that women are more prone to developing thyroid problems than men. When the thyroid malfunctions or does not release enough T3 and T4, the condition is called Hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid gland). This problem can hinder the rate of metabolism. The chances of developing this problem increase proportionately with advancing age. But, it is not uncommon to see even young women in their 20s who suffer from hypothyroidism.
Hypothyroidism can be a sole problem in itself or even be caused by another more serious medical condition like Grave’s syndrome or lack of iodine in the body. This problem is also known to be passed down from one generation to the next. There are many different signs and symptoms that may appear if your thyroid gland is underactive. Here is a list of the most common symptoms of hypothyroidism.
Signs Of Thyroid In Young Women
The rate of metabolism slows down drastically due to this problem. This means that the food that you eat is not being used properly to fuel your energy needs. This can result in an unexplained accumulation of fat in the body and subsequent weight gain.
Many women notice that there is excessive retention of water and other fluids in their body. This can cause slight swelling in the hands and feet. Finger rings and bangles may become a little tight as well.
Unhealthy Hair and Nails
This is one of the first symptoms to appear. The nails start becoming thin and dry. This can cause them to develop cracks and then break easily. Thin white lines may also start forming on them. The hair usually becomes very rough and dry to the touch and there is lot of hair fall.
The body is not able to get adequate energy when the thyroid is underactive. This can cause a constant feeling of fatigue and sleepiness. Even very light physical activity can make a person feel exhausted.
Hypothyroidism can also affect physical desires adversely. Some women may feel absolute disinterest in sexual intercourse and other physical forms of physical intimacy. The problem may get so bad that they even develop an aversion to sexual activity.
Change In Voice
An underactive thyroid gland can sometimes make a woman’s voice change. It could become heavier and harsher than before. A peculiar grating and irritating quality may also be noticed when the woman speaks.
The menstrual cycle develops irregularities. This could be in the form of lighter or heavier bleeding than before. There may also be a change in the interval between two periods e.g. a 28 day cycle may become a 40 day cycle.