Vaginal yeast infection, also known as candidiasis is caused by the yeast called candida albicans and is known as vulvovaginal candidiasis when caused in the vagina.
Although the detection and treatment of yeast infection is quite an easy procedure, but since the anomaly is a very personal one, women are a little hesitant to come out with the complaint in the open.
There are numerous causes which doctors associate with the growth of this infection, including but not limited to, pregnancy, stress, illnesses (mainly due to antibiotics prescribed in case of any diseases) etc. In some cases steroids are also responsible for causing the overgrowth of candida. Yeast is already present in the vagina but when they multiply due to any conditions, they cause yeast infection.
Yeast infection in the vagina is mainly prevalent during hormonal changes in the body i.e. during periods, pregnancy etc and also when the body’s immune system is down. Women who have been diagnosed with diabetes are at a greater risk from the infection and so are the ones who are on birth control pills. As candida grows in places which are damp and rich in moisture, the vagina is a likely place for it to breed.
Vulvovaginal candidiasis has significant symptoms; but they need to be properly checked because of the fact that they might be a part of some other condition or complaint. One of the most common symptoms related to yeast infection is that of itching or irritation in the vagina or the vulva. Other symptoms might include but not limited to, soreness, tenderness, burning sensation, pain while passing urine or during sexual intercourse.
Sometimes vaginal discharge is also apparent which looks similar to white discharge and has no odor. In some cases vaginal pain is also accompanied with the other symptoms. To determine whether the symptoms point to yeast infection or some other anomaly a doctor usually takes a sample from the vagina to examine or culture the sample. A one-time yeast infection is quite harmless, however a recurrent one can be a cause of underlying concern so needs to be immediately checked by a doctor.
Yeast infection is not a sexually transmitted disease and is perfectly curable even when transferred to a partner. In normal conditions yeast infection does not necessarily have to be shown to the doctor unless it is the first time, a recurrent one, the infection is very painful, if you are pregnant or if your are below 12 years old. Diabetes patients should also consult the doctor in case of any symptoms of yeast infection.