Incidences of sexually transmitted diseases or STDs are constantly on a rise. They are also known as Venereal diseases or Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI). Transmitted by anal, sexual or oral intercourse, these bacterial, viral and fungal infections can affect both men and women. While some of these infections can be cured, there are other serious infections such as HIV, hepatitis B and C that have need long term treatment.
Common STDs such as gonorrhea, syphilis, Chlamydia, genital herpes, hepatitis B and HIV affect both men and women. Here is the list of the STDs that affect women along with the symptoms.
Gonorrhea, a bacterial infection caused by the Neisseria gonorrheae organism is one of the most common an oldest STDs affecting around one million women around the world. While it is hard to discern the symptoms in the early stages, the most common signs of this STD later on are white, green or yellowish vaginal discharge, burning sensation during urination, swelling of the genital region along with pain and cramping. Moreover this bacterial infection can result in Pelvic Inflammatory Disease which results in symptoms like abdominal and pelvic pain, cramping and pain during sexual intercourse.
The herpes simplex virus causes genital herpes, a common STD that results in red, inflamed blisters around the oral and genital region. In women, this infection is usually the result of a suppressed immune system, caused by a disease or medications. It is only after a period of four to seven days that a woman will exhibit symptoms like blisters and the eventual formation of ulcers. These ulcers are painful and extremely contagious.
Approximately four million women in the world suffer from Chlamydia that is caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. Mucus like vaginal discharge, abdominal pain, painful urination, pain during intercourse and bleeding even when not having periods are some of the common symptoms of this STI in women.
Syphilis caused by the Treponema pallidum bacterium is a sexually transmitted disease that affects the mouth and the genital mucus covered lining. This disease is highly contagious and can even be transmitted from a pregnant mother to the fetus. Infections ulcers, skin rashes on the nose, mouth and vagina along with headache, hair loss and fever are some of the common Syphilis symptoms affecting women. In the later stages, the infection might progressively cause deterioration of the eyesight, deafness and heart problems.
HIV is a serious STD that results in the weakening of the body’s immune system and can lead to AIDS, a life threatening disease. Initial symptoms include headache, sore throat, rashes, fever and extreme fatigue. As the infection progresses chronic diarrhea, shaking chills and fevers, night sweats and persistent headaches may follow.