Spinal tuberculosis is also known as Pott’s disease and it is a kind of spine infection that leads to the destruction of bone, and even collapse of the vertebrae leading to spine deformity.
Spinal tuberculosis usually affects the lumbar spine and the lower thoracic spine. It can also affect your knees and hip region. Tuberculosis of the spine develops gradually and given below are some symptoms of it which can help you recognize Pott’s disease.
The most common symptom of spinal tuberculosis is back pain that can range from constant mild back pain to acute pain and spasms in back muscles.
The entire spinal region can ache. Usually, there is a localized back pain associated with Pott’s disease and this pain is mostly chronic.
The person affected can also experience pain and stiffness in limbs and can also restrict the movement of limbs and even paralyze them. Fever, weight loss, chest pain and night sweats are some other symptoms associated with Pott’s disease.
Spinal tuberculosis can lead to spinal cord compression and can thus lead to certain neurological problems. For instance, it can affect nerves and degrade your sensations.
It can also lead to other serious problems and complications like paresis, paraplegia, and severe kyphosis. Since spinal tuberculosis has the risk of deforming your spinal cord, there are people who suffer from a hunchback and a distorted posture due to this problem.
If you experience any of the above given symptoms, you should get yourself medically examined to diagnose the problem of spinal tuberculosis in its early stages.
Certain laboratory tests are conducted and the diagnosis of Pott’s disease is based on blood tests, bone scan and CT scan and radiography of the spinal region.
This problem can be treated via medicines and non-operative treatments as well as via surgery. It depends upon the severity and stage of the problem.