Hypertension and Women

Hypertension, synonymous with High Blood Pressure is the leading cause for increasing heart diseases, strokes, kidney damage and other medical problems. When one’s blood pressure (the measure of the force of blood against the walls of arteries) continues to stay high for a long period of time, it can lead to the damaging of blood vessels, heart and kidneys. It has been found that women are more susceptible to hypertension than men and the risk factor increases after the age of 55. This has been attributed to many causes which include being overweight, consuming contraceptive pills, pregnancy and even menopause.

Pills can make you ill

Medical Researchers have found that taking birth control pills can lead to high blood pressure in some women. The chances can increase if one is overweight, if one suffers from kidney disease and even if one has a family history of high blood pressure. Hence, it’s always advisable to take medical advice before taking contraceptive pills.

High Blood Pressure during Pregnancy

It is found that hypertension in women usually develops during the last 3 months of pregnancy. If untreated, it can prove to be dangerous for both the mother and the child. It is important to differentiate between pre-existing (chronic) hypertension and pregnancy induced (gestational) hypertension.

In gestational hypertension, high blood pressure results due to increased levels of estrogen which occurs after the twentieth week of pregnancy. Women with chronic hypertension during pregnancy are at an increased risk of developing preeclampsia in which there is a tightening of arteries throughout the mother’s body. Blood pressure drug like diuretic and ACE inhibitors should be avoided during pregnancy as they can lead to birth defects.

Menopause

It has been found that the risk of hypertension increases with age in women and menopause has been attributed as one of the reason for high blood pressure.

Hypertension is a disease which can be prevented and should be prevented by keeping oneself fit through regular exercises and a healthy diet.



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