During pregnancy Amniotic fluid helps in protecting the baby in the uterus and very low level and very high level amniotic fluids can bring complications. In the first few stages, amniotic fluid is mostly filled with water but as the baby grows in the uterus, the amniotic fluid also gets filled with proteins and other necessary nutrients required for nourishing the baby.
The condition of low level amniotic fluid is called as Oligohydramnios and the condition of high level amniotic fluid is called as Polyhydramnios and both these conditions are harmful for the baby as well for the mother. However, both Oligohydramnios and Polyhydramnios can be treated with the help of medicines, but if it is not treated or detected for a very long time then it may cause severe damage to the fetus.
How To Increase Amniotic Fluid
Generally the normal index of Amniotic fluid is between 8-18 and if the index level of this fluid drops between 5-6 then Oligohydramnios occurs. Low level amniotic fluids affect the baby’s feet, hands, limbs and lungs and rarely, it also distorts the baby’s face. So, it is very important to keep the amniotic level in balance and here are a few suggestions which can help you to increase the amniotic fluid in your body.
Drink plenty of water, coconut water, glucose and fresh juices. These liquids promote the production of amniotic fluid. Check the weight of the baby as low weight can affect the level of amniotic fluid. Generally your baby should weigh 2kg in the 8th month of pregnancy.
During pregnancy, if you find the weight of your baby lower than normal then you can increase the baby’s weight by drinking coconut water regularly in morning and evening.
During summer the water level decreases in body and may cause dehydration; to overcome this problem, consume plenty of watermelons. Take complete bed rest. Drink water after every half hour so that you can pass urine every once in an hour. This process prevents urine infection.
How To Decrease Amniotic Fluid
When the index level of Amniotic fluid is between 20 to 24, then you are suffering from high level amniotic fluid or Polyhydramnios. It occurs when the baby swallows inadequate amount of amniotic fluid or if the mother is diabetic.
Polyhydramnios can cause premature labor pains, placental abruption, cesarean delivery and postpartum hemorrhage. However, the level of amniotic fluid can be decreased by the following ways:
Prescribed medications can reduce the level of amniotic fluid and can bring it to the normal level but if the fetus is more than 32weeks old, these medications cannot be used because of possibility of complications.
Excess amount of amniotic fluid can also be reduced by the process of amnioreduction. It must be done through amniocentesis and the process is a risky one. However, often it has been seen that even after performing amnioreduction, the amniotic fluids build up again in the amniotic sac after a few days. Amniotic fluid level can be lowered by delivering the baby.