One of the biggest fears that haunt a pregnant woman is whether her child will be born healthy or not. Every parent fears about birth defects and seeks for ways by which they can ensure they give birth to a healthy baby.
Let’s look at some common birth defects and how you can prevent them.
Babies can be born with certain abnormalities which in turn can lead to physical and even mental disabilities. To begin with, there are many babies who are born with some or the other heart defects like a hole in the heart.
While some heart defects can be treated, there are some babies who develop a serious heart defect that can also be fatal.
Neural tube defects are another kind of common birth defect that often leads to fetal and infant death. Neural birth defects are defects of the brain and spinal region and can be recognized in prenatal testing.
There are babies who are born with some limb deformity like having an extra or missing toe or finger, and even abnormalities like club foot.
There are some babies who are born with a learning or speech disability. These are birth defects like Autism and Down syndrome which affect the nervous system of the child and along with learning and speech disabilities, it also leads to behavioral changes, and mental retardation.
Other birth defects often found in babies are those related to the defects of mouth and lips like cleft palate and cleft lip. Babies can also be born with sensory problems like those associated with visual and hearing problems.
There are various factors that increase the risk of your child being born with birth defect. These factors include exposure to chemicals during pregnancy, smoking, drinking, and also exposure to radiation and illnesses.