Do you often find your legs and ankles getting puffy and swollen up? If yes, then this can be caused by water retention in the body tissues and this condition is medically termed as edema. This article will throw light on some of the common causes and symptoms of edema.
When fluid gets deposited in tissues and beneath the skin, then it leads to the medical problem of edema. There are various factors that can lead to fluid retention in the body. Some of these factors include prolonged standing, high blood pressure, neuromuscular disorders and others.
Edema can also be caused due to sodium retention in the body which in turn can be caused due to excessive intake of salt in one’s diet. In addition, pregnancy can also lead to the problem of swelling and puffiness in one’s ankles and legs.
There are certain medications too that can trigger the problem of edema. In addition, medical problems like those associated with heart, kidney, and liver can also lead to edema.
After having looked at the various causes of edema, let’s look at some of the common symptoms associated with this problem. As mentioned above, edema leads to water retention in the body which in turn leads to puffy and swollen body parts, especially legs and ankles. Edema can also affect other body parts like hands, face, and joints. A person with edema can also suffer from puffy eyes.
Due to water retention in the body, edema leads to an increase in weight. Other symptoms of edema include increased urination, palpitations, and headaches.
There are various ways by which one can prevent or effectively treat the problem of edema. Some of the common preventive tips include avoiding standing in one position for a long time; wearing proper fitting footwear; limiting salt intake; and increasing physical activity amongst others.