Any kind of collection of fluid, whether blood, water or thick mucous material inside the ovary is known as ovarian cyst. There are number of symptoms to judge ovarian cyst –some are hidden and some are clear. Hidden symptoms can only be found out after the sonography. But some obvious reason for ovarian cysts can be irregular menstruation and changes in the quality of bleeding, heaviness in the lower abdomen and infertility, pelvic pain during intercourse, pain or pressure during bowel movements. An endometriotic cyst causes pain which becomes extreme during and before your periods. Ovarian cyst with a torsion or twist inside may stop the blood from going to the ovary and results in severe pain and vomiting. Polycystic ovarian syndrome can lead to weight gain, acne, irregular periods and excessive facial hair.
If you experience severe pain in your lower abdomen along with fever and vomiting, make sure you visit your doctor for check-up. If symptoms like cold, clammy skin, rapid breathing, and weakness become a part of your daily schedule, immediately seek medical attention.
Treatment of ovarian cyst
For treating ovarian cyst- if the patent is young, the cyst is removed while retaining the ovary, but if patient is older than 47 years of age or when ovary is completely damaged or there is a suspicion of cancer, the ovary can be totally removed.
Laparoscopic surgery is the latest and best way to treat ovarian cyst. Even large cysts can be easily treated by this method. A laser causes very less damage to the ovary while removing the cyst.
A simple cyst can be managed by taking hormonal pills for few months.
In older women, the entire ovary with or without the uterus can be removed by open surgery using a bikini cut or a vertical scar on the abdomen.