Also known as myoma and fibromyoma, uterine fibroids are benign, non-cancerous tumors arising within the uterus. Their composition is analogous to that of the myometrial lining of the uterus. Mostly developing in middle aged women, it is found to be asymptomatic but may show some abnormal signs including increased frequency of micturation, painful menstruation, painful sex etc. In some cases, it is known to interfere with the occurrence of pregnancy.
The treatment of myoma may depend on several factors including pregnancy, age, nature of the tumor, size of the tumor, severity of symptoms etc. Since most of the fibroids are asymptomatic, there might be no need of any treatment. Also, the fibroids tend to shrink following menopause and thus any extensive treatments would not be required. But in case the symptoms get too severe, or the fibroids become too large, the following treatments are to be followed.
9 Ways to Cure Uterine Fibroids
Myomectomy involves the removal of the fibroid within the uterus by means of either a laparoscope as in case of laparoscopic Myomectomy or through an incision in the abdominal wall as in abdominal Myomectomy. There is a risk of recurrence of the fibroids in this treatment.
Hysterectomy refers to the complete removal of the uterus. Probably the one-stop solution to treat myoma, this treatment ensures that you won’t develop fibroids throughout your lifetime. However, hysterectomy would mean you would not be able to get pregnant and also, in case you have got the ovaries removed too, menopause and its related symptoms may be a major disadvantage.
A new technology developed for the treatment of myoma, focused-ultrasound surgery makes use of high frequency and high energy sound waves to ablate the fibroids within the uterus without the scalpel or any surgical methods!
This non-invasive technique is carried out inside an MRI scanner which detects your body’s anatomy and the location of the fibroid and thus allows its ablation. The treatment may require 2-3 sessions, each of several hours.
This technique uses an electrical current or a laser beam that destroys the fibroids and also shrinks the blood vessels which help keep the fibroid ‘alive’.
In endometrial ablation, hot water, or electric current or microwave energy is introduced into the uterus which causes the inner lining of the uterus to get destroyed, thus getting rid of the fibroid. However, with the use of this technique, there are chances that the fibroid may recur. Also, this treatment is ineffective in cases of a fibroid in the outside of the endometrial lining.
Progestin-Releasing Intrauterine Devices
Used only to relieve symptoms, this IUD may reduce heavy blood and pain caused due to fibroids.
Danazol which is similar to testosterone, may aid the shrinkage of the blood vessels that promote the growth of the fibroid and also shrink the fibroids, reduce the uterine size and stop heavy bleeding.
Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone Antagonists
These antagonists temporarily decrease the estrogen and progesterone levels in the blood causing a menopause like stage which causes the fibroids to shrink and anemia to get better.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are effective in treating pain related to the fibroid growth. Oral contraceptives reduce the heavy menstrual bleeding associated with myoma.
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