In order to get employment as a University lecturer or to register as a Research Scholar with any recognized Indian University or Institute a candidate has to clear the National Eligibility Test or the respective State Eligibility Test of different State governments.
In this article we will cover more about the National Eligibility Test or NET conducted by the University Grants Commission of the country.
The Need for UGC NET
Bright candidates who wish to pursue the path of academics usually dream of getting a job as a lecturer or Assistant Professor with a government College or University in India. And then there are those candidates who plan to achieve the highest academic degree – PhD – before trying their luck as a college lecturer. For such candidates there are two types of examinations – NET and SET. Though clearing the State Eligibility test can help a candidate get a seat as a Research Scholar or be eligible for a lecturer vacancy in the State run Colleges and Universities, clearing the NET gives far more opportunities to a scholar.
For example, while competing for a state run College vacancy for Lecturers, the NET cleared candidate gets more weightage than a SET cleared candidate. Moreover once you clear the NET you become eligible to compete for any University lecturer vacancy in the whole country, not just in your own State. A NET student also becomes eligible to pursue research in any good top rated Indian University or College and even at Institutes such as IIMs or IITs in their respective subject area. Thus clearing the NET becomes an important goal for any student planning to become a University Instructor or a Research Scholar.
About UGC and NET
UGC is a statutory body under the Government of India which came into existence by an Act of the Parliament in the year 1956. The Indian Higher Education Sector is managed by the University Grants Commission which controls all the Central Universities and the State Universities in India. UGC has under it the National Educational Testing Bureau which is responsible for the administration of the National Eligibility Test. National Eligibility Test or NET is conducted to find suitable candidates who become eligible for the post of lecturers in Indian Universities as well as to award the Junior Research Fellowship to those students who want to conduct Research in their respective field of study.
NET ensures that a minimum standard of eligibility is met for candidates wishing to join the teaching as well as research field. NET is conducted for a total of 94 subjects (the last inclusion was that of the Bodo language) including humanities, all major languages in India, Social Science subjects, environmental sciences, Computer Science, Electronic Science as well as Forensic Science. For other science subjects such as physical sciences, mathematical sciences, Ocean science, planetary sciences, life sciences, chemical sciences etc, UGC conducts the NET in association with the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research and the test is known as UGC CSIR NET.
The NET examination is conducted twice every year, during the months of June and December. The result of the June NET is declared by the month of October and at the same time the notification for the December NET is released. Whereas the result of December NET is declared by the month of April or May and the notification of the June NET is released in the month of April. The CSIR UGC NET notification for science subjects are released separately during the same time. The JRF is granted to only the brightest of the bright students who write the NET examination and opt for UGC JRF in the form. Candidates can write the NET only for the subject for which they have completed their Master level degree program.
Eligibility Requirements For UGC NET
The NET application has two options of –Lectureship and JRF – and the applicants can choose both of them or one of them. There is no age limit for applicants desiring to be eligible for lectureship; where as the UGC JRF has an age limit. Applicants ticking the JRF option should be less than 28 years of age atleast 20 days before the examination date. However relaxation of five years is granted for women applicants, applicants belonging to SC/ST, applicants with research experience and a relaxation of three years is provided to applicants with an LLM degree. Academic requirement for UGC NET is – 55% and above marks for the Master level degree from a recognized institute. For applicants belonging to the SC/ST and physically handicapped categories the minimum mark is 50%. Final year post graduate students are also eligible to apply for the NET, subject to their satisfying all the eligibility requirements when the results are declared.
Pattern Of UGC NET
There are three Papers for the NET – Paper I consists of objective type questions covering teaching aptitude, research knowledge, numerical ability, reasoning, computer knowledge etc. Paper II also has objective type questions covering the respective subject of the candidate and Paper III is essay type which consists of many short and long answer questions from the subject selected. There is no negative marking for UGC NET.
Registration And Fee Requirement For NET
The notification for NET usually is released by the months of April and October every year for the examination of June and December respectively. The notification is given in all leading newspapers, employment news as well as in the UGC website. Registration for UGC NET is possible only through online medium. The fee for UGC NET is payable by cash at all SBI branches and the fee receipt has to be attached with the completed downloaded application form. The fee for UGC NET is Rs 450 (plus Rs 20 towards Bank’s commission) for general candidates, Rs 225 for OBC applicants and Rs 110 for candidates belonging to the SC/ST/PH/VH categories. Completed Application form, its copy, fee receipt and its copy, attendance slip and admission card has to be submitted at the designated NET center by hand. Each state has many NET Centers for easy application submission and processing.
In order to register online for the UGC NET within the time prescribed by UGC visit www.ugcnetonline.in and to get information about the NET, its results, mark sheets for applicants, latest changes in the examination pattern and subjects, visit www.ugc.ac.in