Beijing is one of the most populous capitals in the world, located in the northern part of People’s Republic of China. Beijing has been the political and cultural hub of China for many centuries.
Beijing has gone through major infrastructure development and urbanization in the last ten years and even hosted the Summer Olympics in 2008. The city has many famous landmarks and here is my list of tourist attractions in Beijing.
Tourist Attractions In Beijing
Forbidden City served as an imperial palace for five hundred years and had limited access post permission of the emperor. The Forbidden City is spread over seven hundred twenty thousand square meters and has 980 buildings. The city is a classic example of Chinese palatial style of architecture and was given the status of World Heritage Site in 1987.
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UNESCO has also listed Forbidden City as the biggest collection of preserved ancient monuments in the world. The Palace Museum in the Forbidden City has a collection of over 1.8 million artifacts including many precious porcelain & ceramics pieces, paintings, Bronze ware, Timepieces and pieces of Jade. I’d recommend hiring a multi lingual guide while visiting the monument and also make sure you wear your walking shoes.
The Great Wall
Some of the best preserved sections of the renowned Great Wall of China can be found in Beijing municipality and are world famous tourist attractions. Huanghuacheng, Badaling, Mutianyu, Juyongguan, Gubeikou, Jiankou, Simatai and Jinshanling are the eight major well preserved sections of the Great Wall in Beijing.
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I’d recommend wearing walking shoes and carrying water, sun block and sunglasses while visiting the Great Wall. The sections offer great picturesque locations and are a must visit location for any traveler to this magnificent city.
Tiananmen Square is one of the most famous landmarks in China and the third largest square in the world that spreads over four hundred forty thousand square meters. The square gets its name from Tiananmen Gate which separates it from the Forbidden City.
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National Museum of China, Great Hall of the People, Zhengyangmen Gate Tower, Mausoleum of Mao Zedong and Monument of the People’s Heroes are monuments adjacent to the Tiananmen Square. Every year over eight million visitors flock Tiananmen Square every year.
The Summer Palace is located in the northwest suburbs of Beijing and was once an imperial summer retreat for the emperor of China. The Summer Palace is spread over ten square miles and the best example of Chinese landscape garden design.
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The Summer Palace is a perfect blend of natural landscape and man-made structures like palaces, halls, temples, pavilions and bridges. Visitors can have a great trip and enjoy the 290 acre park as well as the Kunming Lake. Marble Boat, Seventeen Arch Bridge, Tower of Buddhist Incense and Hall of Benevolence are some of the must visit sites at the Summer Palace.
Ming Dynasty Tombs
The Ming Tombs are located at a distance of 51 kilometers from Beijing city centre in the Changping District. The tombs are the burial site of thirteen Ming Emperors and are close to the Great Wall, so you can visit both sites on the same day.
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Till now excavation and restoration have been completed at only two tombs and are open to public. Changling Tomb and Dingling Tomb are the only Ming Dynasty Tombs open to public as the excavation of the other eleven tombs has been stopped as per new policy of the Chinese government that forbids excavation of historical sites.