Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a non- curable disease that effects the central nervous system of the body. The central nervous system means the brain and the spinal cord- both are the basis of the well being of the human form. Multiple sclerosis is also known as an “autoimmune disease” because in MS, the body’s own immune system attacks itself- the cells of the brain and the spinal cord.
Environment, genes, immune system and infections are the major and minor causes of MS.
Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis is difficult to diagnose. It has more than fifty symptoms present. However, the present of some of the symptoms, which has been listed below, does mean that you have multiple sclerosis. Anyhow, some of the most important ones are:
– Body pain (reason of pain unknown);
– Sense of tingling and occasional numbness;
– Sexual dysfunction;
– Problem of the bladder;
– Sense of fatigue and weakness, accompanied by depression;
– Problem of cognitive faculty;
– Bowel problem;
Types of Multiple Sclerosis
There are four types of Multiple Sclerosis:
– Primary-Progressive MS: In this, there is a steady progression of multiple sclerosis without any chances of relapse or remissions. This is the initial stage of MS diagnosis. Almost 15% o f all patients go through this.
– Secondary-Progressive MS: MS patients who were diagnosed with relapsing and remitting MS have the chances of getting Secondary Progressive MS within a span of 10 years at the most. In this, the symptoms worsen and doctors have no cure yet. The only way is the disease modifying therapy and to what end does it help is yet to be ascertained
– Progressive-Relapsing MS: Like primary-progressive MS, its course of development is progressive accompanied by occasional relapse.
– Relapsing-Remitting MS: This is another basis of the initial MS diagnosis and this is the one with which 85% of the people suffer.
Diagnosis of Sclerosis
If you have any of the symptoms persistently, better see a neurologist and get some test done. There is no particular test done but a combination of tests such as- MRI scans, lumbar puncture, medical history and neurology exam- for MS diagnosis.