Impetigo is a bacterial skin infection, which enter into the open wounds. Impetigo often appears at the corners of nose, mouth and at the back of ears. It is more likely to occur in those areas, which are irritated, from eczema or an insect bite.
It is a communicable disease and is common among children in school or while playing. Even if there is a small cut, bacteria of impetigo enters in the skin. There are three types of impetigo- bullous impetigo, impetigo contagiosa, and ecthyma.
It is caused by streptococcus or staphylococcus bacteria, which can spread quickly. It gets transferred from one person to other by sharing towel, clothes, toys, household items or through physical contact. In addition, the infection spreads by touching the infected part of a patient.
1. Small red and itchy spot appears
2. Spot turns into tiny blisters. When these blisters burst, it oozes fluid and makes skin moist and red. Then that area hardens as if it is a ‘honey colored’ crust.
1. Never share personal things with others
2. Wash the wounded area or cuts well
3. Avoid scratching
4. Maintain good hygiene
1. Infected child should be kept isolated until the child gets well.
2. Patient should be given fresh juicy fruits like apple, orange, pineapple, grapes, pear, and papaya for some days.
3. After 2 or 3 days, patient should be given balanced diet containing milk, seed, nuts, salads, and grain.
4. Take antibiotics like penicillin, erythromycin, and azithromycin.
5. Wash affected area with water and apply antibiotic ointment like fusidic acid or mupirocin to it.
Some of the homemade natural remedies are:
(a) Chop some turnips, wash them thoroughly, and then soak in rice starch or vinegar for 6 hours. Now ask the patient to eat it.
(b) Crush garlic and spread it over infected area.
(c) Provide sun and air baths to the patient with some light exercises.