Nearly seventy five percent of women at some point in their life have suffered from Vaginitis. Vaginitis is a broad term referring to inflammation of vagina caused by an infection. There is no single agent responsible for causing Vaginitis. Each type of Vaginitis has its specific causes, symptoms and treatments.
Types of Vaginitis
Yeast or Candida is present in the moist parts of human skin, such as the vagina and the mouth. Yeast infection is the most common form of Vaginitis caused by overgrowth of yeast present in the vagina. Yeast infection causes inflammation and redness of the vagina and the vulva. There is itching and irritation in the region. Thick, white and sometime even watery vaginal discharge is produced. However, the discharge doesn’t have any foul smell.
Yeast infection can be cured easily with antifungal medication. Anti-yeast creams, oral tablets and vaginal tablets are prescribed for the treatment. Several over the counter medications are available for treating yeast infection. However, before using these medicines you should be sure that you actually have a yeast infection. However, it is advisable that first time sufferers should see a doctor.
Bacterial Vaginosis is caused by the overgrowth of the anaerobic bacteria in the vagina. It can occur in any women in their reproductive age. Sometimes, the symptoms of yeast infection and bacterial infection appear to be similar. However, the foul or fishy smell of the vaginal discharge in bacterial vaginosis differentiates it from yeast infection.
Over the counter medications are not available for treatment of bacterial vaginosis. Antibiotics are prescribed for curing the infection.
This infection is caused by a form of protozoan. Unlike yeast and bacterial infection, Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease. The symptoms of this disease are burning and itching of the vagina and vulva. It causes discomfort while urinating or during sexual intercourse. The vaginal discharge appears yellowish green.
Trichomoniasis is the most serious form of vaginal infection. It should be immediately treated to avoid long-term adverse health consequences.