Tips to Prepare Compost

compost3 A plant’s life depends on good compost- not just the artificial ones but the natural ones. Home made composts contain 85% and more vitamins and nutrients and they do not contain any chemical compounds.

What are the Steps?

1. The Carbon/Nitrogen Ratio- Collect living compounds that can decompose such as vegetable scraps. It is important to maintain the C/N ratio of 25:1 or 30:1. Increased carbon will slow down the process of decomposition and low nitrogen level will let the nitrogen escape into air resulting into odors and pollution. So, how to get the perfect C/N layer? Alternate- first carbon materials (sawdust) and then nitrogen material (grass clippings).

2. Variety- Throw in materials having other materials such as minerals like phosphates. This turns the compost into a nutritionally balanced product. Ask a gardener or go to any nursery to gather more information about compost mixtures.

3. Problem Of Odor- Coming of foul smells means you have to adjust the pH levels (acids and bases). Use lime if you can endure the smell of ammonia or else use bone meal, wood ashes or crushed egg shells.

4. Water And Air- They are the basis of compost survival, just like life support. Compost is to be kept wet as a moist sponge would be but not excessively as then the compost will rot; keep space at the end for the excess water to escape. Make provision for the passage of air too by inserting sticks, garden fork or crow bar.

What should be the size of compost? Compost should have a minimum size of 3 feet (or else no compost can form) and a maximum size of 6 feet (if more than 6 feet, the compost will drown in its own weight). There is no limit to the length of compost.

Some materials to avoid while making compost:

– Human feces

– Animal feces

– Bones

– Meat scraps

– Fatty materials

– Metals

– Pesticides

– Industrial wastes

– Harmful Toxins


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