A Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) is an illness which is spread by primarily through sexual contact in humans and animals. Some of them are also known to be transmitted through IV drug needle used by an infected person as also through childbirth and breastfeeding. It is also known as sexually transmitted infection (STI) or venereal disease (VD). There are at least 30 different sexually transmitted bacteria, parasites and viruses.
In spite of the advancement made in the field of medication and cure for STD, the rate of prevalence in the world still remains quite high. The most commonly reported STI are Chlamydia trachomatis, Syphilis, Gonorrhoea, Trichomonas vaginalis, genital warts, HIV and genital herpes. According to a report by the WHO (1996) more than 1 million people are being infected daily among which most victims belong to the young generation( <25 years of age). The key to addressing this problem is prevention. Here are a few tips to help you towards addressing STI:
The most effective way of addressing the problem is to adopt methods which will facilitate reduction of transmission of STD/HIV infections.
Vaccination before initiation of sexual conduct is known to be effective in protecting against some of the STI like HPV and Hepatitis B.
The most effective way to prevent sexual transmission of STI is complete avoidance of contact. This would mean completely avoiding contact of body fluids or parts and not just sexual activity with an infected person.
Use of condoms, both for males and females, for sexual intercourse as well as sharing sex toys is another safe sex method.
People who change their sexual partners at a frequent rate are at a higher risk of contracting STD. Such persons should get themselves checked every month at the nearest GUM clinic. And if they are diagnosed with such a disease they should restrain from any sexual activity till their doctor gives an ‘all clear’ signal. Reducing the number of your sexual partner also reduces your risk.
The most ideal way would be for both partners to get tested for STD before they get involved in sexual contact or if one or both of them had been
in such contact with another partner before.