For all those of you who do not have the time to visit a gym regularly to shed the excess fat of your body, liposuction could be your choice of freedom from obesity. However, before going for liposuction, you must remember that this is not a substitute for exercises and healthy diet. Liposuction is a form of cosmetic surgery recommended for removing localized fats that help to improve the contour of the body. The popular areas for carrying out liposuction are under the chin, neck, cheeks, upper arms, abdomen, buttock, hips, thigh, knees and calves.
Types of liposuction:
There are three popular liposuction methods.
Tumescent liposuction or fluid injection
This is the common form of liposuction. A solution consisting of lidocaine, epinephrine and intravenous salt solution or IV is injected into the area from where excess fat is to be removed. Lidocaine acts as a local anesthesia for numbing the area and epinephrine reduces bleeding, bruising and swelling that accompanies the liposuction procedure. The intravenous fluid helps in dissolving the fat. It is suctioned out with the fat.
The super-wet technique requires less time than the tumescent liposuction procedure. The fluid injected in the body is less than the amount required in the tumescent procedure. However, this technique might require general anesthesia.
Ultrasound-assisted liposuction or UAL
The UAL procedure is applied in areas where the fat accumulation is dense. The fibrous regions of the body, such as enlarged male breast tissue or the upper back regions qualify for UAL techniques. For better results, UAL is carried out along with the fluid injection procedure.
Risks of liposuction
Before going for liposuction, the patient must go for a thorough health check-up. Side effects of liposuction include shock from inadequate fluid replacement and fluid overload. Infections, problems of bleeding, thrombosis and fat embolism might result if the procedure is not carried out carefully. Overdose of lidocaine might produce allergic reactions. Among elderly patients, scarring is a common side-affect of liposuction.