Kazakhstan is a country which falls in central Asia and also in Europe. It is the largest landlocked country in the world. Its neighboring countries are Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and China. Geographically speaking, this country is as varied as its people. The people here are from about 120 nationalities.
This country has a unique and amazing mix of deserts, steppes, savannas, taiga, tundra, wild forest, pristine lakes and rivers. This country also has huge and soaring mountains and glaciers which are about 7000 meters high.
Some of the facts about this country are very interesting. Officially, this country is called ‘Republic of Kazakhstan’. Though Russian is also widely spoken in this country, its official language is Kazakhstanis Kazak. The main religion is Islam. The largest ethnic group in this country is formed by Kazakhs, though it is also inhabited by Russians, Ukrainians, Tartars and Germans. Kazakhstanis Tinge is the currency of this country and its capital is Kazakhstanis Astana.
The political system followed by this country is Presidential Republic. Another amazing fact about this country is that it is the ninth largest country in the world and has the 62nd largest population in the world. It got independence from the Soviet Union on December 16, 1991. It is also a part of the United Nations. It has the largest lake in the world, called Lake Balkhash. The historical centre of Kazakhstan’s culture, Turkestan was founded over 15 centuries ago.
For the central Asian Muslims, Hodja Ahemd Yasavi Mausoleum in Turkestan is a pilgrim place. A Russian cosmonaut, Yuri Gargin, made first manned space flight form Baykonur Cosmadrome in 1961. This is the first Soviet republic to pay all its debt to IMF seven years before the due date.
This country is the home land of Amazons, which are the brave woman warriors. Kazakhstan, with its three time zones, is a multinational state. The specialty of this place is the smoked sausages. The national bird of this country is the Golden eagle and the national instrument is Dombra.