Tinnitus is a medical condition, not a disease that denotes a fault in the hearing system, especially the inner ear and the brain. 17 percent of the world population has faced this some or the other time though they may have been ignorant about it.
In this problem, people hear sounds in the brain which are not made from any external sounds. These sounds coming from the brain are the sounds of buzzing, humming, ringing or roaring. Most of the time people with tinnitus also have “Hyperacusis” wherein the patient hears noise of a very high frequency.
Causes Of Tinnitus:
Tinnitus can affect the four sections of the ear: the inner ear, the middle ear, the outer ear and the brain. Many causes of ear infection are the exposure to high frequency of noise (through honking, loud music, machines or firearms), stress and trauma, swelling of ear duct, bone degeneration of the inner ear, problems arising due to advanced age, diseases such as the Meniere Syndrome( inner ear), and prescriptive drugs such as aspirin.
The most common of the causes “is damage to the microscopic endings of the hearing nerve in the inner ear.” If left untreated for a long time, tinnitus becomes the reasons for brain tumor or acoustic tumor and aneurysm.
Prevention Of Tinnitus (According To American Tinnitus Association):
– Buy a pair of ear plugs if you do not have and carry them without fail wherever you go. Even normal daily chores at home such as drying your hair, watching television at high volume or listening to music can prove to be harmful.
– Your work office should follow the regulations of Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA).
– Take medicines for blood pressure as prescribed by the doctor. Don’t try to be your own doctor.
Tinnitus Retraining Therapy:
Through this therapy, the patients are made to focus on the sounds in their head and given the learning to distinguish which sound to ignore and which not. The treatment takes around 2 years at the most. First, there are counseling sessions and later sound therapy.