Did you ever tell someone, “It’s not a birthmark, it’s a beauty mark.”? Well don’t kid yourself, it is a birthmark. Birthmarks, also known as nevi, are areas of skin discoloration that first appear either on or under a newborn’s skin.
The birthmark can range in color from tan to black; blue, like a bruise, or various shades of pinks and purples. Birthmarks may also appear as small as a freckle or cover an entire section of the body. They can lie flat against the skin or be raised like a mole. As a child grows older, the birthmark may disappear. Others may get larger as the child becomes older.
While birthmarks do not present any harm, we are still curious as to how they come about and what we can do to eliminate them. The following information discusses the causes of birthmarks and the varieties that exist.
The predominant cause of a birthmark is still a mystery to the world of science. Some medical professionals feel that birthmarks are transferred genetically from parents to children or through other members of the family. Other medical professionals feel that birthmarks are a result of an overgrowth of melanocytes, also known as the cells responsible for pigmentation.
The different types of birthmarks have their own name based on their size, shape, coloration, and location on the body. A birthmark known as a port wine stain is the most widely found in newborns. These materialize on the face, back and chest. Port wine stains are considered permanent. They continue to grow as the child gets older and may lead to an unbalanced skin tone in the affected region.
Mongolian birthmarks are blue spots which may be found on the buttocks or lower back of a newborn baby. They resemble bruises because they are black or blue in color. Mongolian birthmarks are most common in African, Chinese and Japanese children. These birthmarks tend to fade and completely disappear by the time the child turns five years old.
Stork marks typically appear on the back of the neck, the forehead or eyelids. Stork marks take the shape of small blood vessels. As the child ages and becomes an adult, the stock marks may either fade or disappear.
Strawberry birthmarks are very common among newborns. When cells become overgrown, they line the blood vessels and cause them to increase in size, forming raised, red, soft lumps on the skin. The birthmark may continue to grow for the first 3 to 6 months, or sometimes longer. Then they slowly shrink.