After breast cancer, incidence of cervical cancer is rising among women in today’s world. Cervix is the lower part of the uterus. Growth of malignant tissues and cells in the cervix, results in cervical cancer.
Causes of Cervical Cancer
Human Papilloma Virus or HPV is responsible for cervical cancer. The virus is sexually transmitted in the cervix. It aids growth of malignant cells in the cervix. Cervical cancer doesn’t develop instantly after the viral infection. It takes several years for the cancer to develop. Identification of precancerous symptoms can help in preventing development of cervical cancer. In the precancerous stage, abnormal cell growth occurs on the surface of the cervix. This condition is known as cervical dysplasia. During this stage, the healthy tissues remain unaffected by malignant growth.
Women who have multiple sexual partners, who have sexual intercourse at an early age and who have suffered from sexually transmitted diseases are likely to develop cervical cancer.
Types of Cervical Cancer
The different types of cervical cancer are named according to the place from where the disease spreads to the rest of the cervix. There are two most common forms of cervical cancer – Squamous cell cancer and Adenocarcinoma. Squamous cells cover the surface of the cervix. Squamous cell cancer starts from the squamous cells. Largest number of cervical cancer