Several organisms or bacteria are present in the vagina. When they multiply beyond the normal level, bacterial vaginosis occurs. This is a form of infection of the vagina. Although, the condition does not lead to any dangerous disease, but nonetheless, the symptoms are quite irritating.
Bacterial Vaginosis symptoms
The common symptoms of bacterial vaginosis are abnormal yellowish or grayish colored vaginal discharge with a foul or fishy smell. The discharge may be watery. The condition gets worse at the end of menstrual period or after sexual intercourse. Sometimes this is accompanied by burning or itching sensation in the vagina. However, some women suffering from bacterial vaginosis exhibit none of the symptoms usually associated with the disease.
Dangers of Bacterial Vaginosis
Although, bacterial vaginosis poses no real danger to the reproductive and general health of a woman, but some studies say that this might be the early indication of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease.
Causes of Bacterial Vaginosis
Any women of any age can get this infection. This is not a sexually transmitted disease. Bacterial overgrowth causes this disease. In a typical infection, the number of lactobacilli, which is responsible for producing hydrogen peroxide in the vagina, falls below the normal level. Simultaneous this is followed by the increase in level of other bacteria, largely the anaerobic bacteria that do not need oxygen for growth. Vaginal douching or solutions sometimes used by women for flashing their vaginas might be responsible for this bacterial infection.
Diagnosis of Bacterial Vaginosis
Detecting bacterial vaginosis is not an easy task. Presence of clue cells indicates bacterial vaginosis. The lactobacilli count falls drastically. The vaginal pH falls below 4.5. When a drop of potassium hydroxide is poured on the vaginal discharge of a woman suffering from bacterial vaginosis, it emits a fishy odor. This is known as the Whiff Test, which is often conducted to detect bacterial vaginosis.
Treatment of Bacterial Vaginosis
Antibiotics in the form of oral pills or vaginal gels are recommended for treating the bacterial infection.