Among the various types of vaginal infections, vaginal yeast infection or Candidiasis occurs in nearly 75 percent of women. Yeast or Candida albicans are normally present in the moist part of the body, such as the vagina. Certain adverse circumstances triggers overgrowth of the fungus present in the vagina. Candidiasis largely occurs in sexually active women. However, this is not a genetically transmitted disease. Nonetheless, the infection might spread from a sexual partner, suffering from oral or genital fungus colonization.
Causes of yeast infection
Yeast infection occurs when the body’s immune system becomes weak. Women suffering from diabetes mellitus and immunodeficiency diseases often suffer from yeast infection. Hormonal changes during pregnancy might trigger growth of the fungus. By killing yeast preventive bacteria, antibiotic medication, steroids, oral contraceptives and heavily fragranced feminine hygiene products trigger yeast overgrowth.
Symptoms of yeast infection
Yeast infection is accompanies by itching, valvovaginal pain, irritation, burning, painful urination and sexual intercourse and inflammation. Thick white odorless vaginal discharge might occur.
Antifungal vaginal cream is used for treating the infection. Over the counter topical medications are available for curing yeast infection. In case of severe infection, oral antifungal medication is prescribed by doctors. Oral medication might cause nausea, headache and abdominal pain.
To prevent yeast infection, always keep your vaginal area clean. Wash the vaginal area, while bathing, and dry the area with a soft towel. Always wear clean cotton undergarments. Use antibiotics only when necessary. Avoid using scented hygienic products, such scented soap, powder or sanitary napkins. During menstrual periods, change your sanitary napkins frequently. Do not douche.
Consume probiotic food products, such as yogurt, to facilitate growth of beneficial bacteria. Women with yeast infection should avoid foods that have high sugar and carbohydrate content. Food products that have yeast, vinegar and gluten should be avoided until the infection is cured. In case of chronic Candidiasis, consider changing your contraceptive pill.