Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is a generic term that refers to infection of a woman’s reproductive organs. If these infections are left untreated, permanent damages of the reproductive organs could occur. This will eventually lead to infertility or ectopic pregnancy.
Causes of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
PID is caused by bacteria, which enter the reproductive organs through the vagina or cervix. Sexually active women below 25 years are at a greater risk of developing PID. If a woman has multiple sex partners greater are her chances of developing PID. Bacteria responsible for causing gonorrhea and Chlamydia are responsible for PID. Following a bacterial infection, the fallopian tube swells.
This produces scarring of the tissues of the upper genital tract, which blocks the passage of the egg, resulting in infertility. If the fallopian tubes are partially blocked, the egg will be implanted outside the uterus, resulting in ectopic pregnancy, where the embryo grows outside the uterus. In rare cases, organisms present in the vagina can be responsible for PID. Women who use intrauterine birth control device are at risk of developing PID.
Symptoms of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
The symptoms of PID are extremely painful. The common symptoms of PID are severe lower abdominal pain and low back pain, painful urination, heavy and abnormal vaginal discharge and uterine bleeding and painful sexual intercourse. These symptoms become severe at the end of menstrual period and last for about a week. These symptoms might be accompanied by fever and nausea.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Treatment
To detect the organism responsible for PID lab tests are conducted. Pelvic ultrasound helps to detect the extent of the inflammation of the fallopian tubes. To confirm the diagnosis laparoscopy can be performed. Antibiotics are commonly prescribed for treating the infection. Oral as well as IV antibiotics are used in the treatment. However, anatomical changes could not be cured with antibiotics. To cure severe scarring and to reduce chronic pelvic pains surgery might be required.