You love gardening but lack of expansive gardening space hinders you from growing the big trees. Bonsai could help your dream of having your favorite plant species at home albeit in its dwarfed dimension. The art of growing dwarf plant specimens in a pot is known as Bonsai. This art originated in China, where it is known as pun-sai. However, the Japanese popularized this art worldwide.
Even you can make an eye-catching Bonsai in your small garden. The process is quite simple.
Choose the plant
Although Bonsai is popular among a few plant species but you can use any plant of your choice. To pick up the plant that will be made into a Bonsai, search for plants growing in the cracks and crevices of mountains, wrecks, or any place where lack of nature’s support is preventing them from acquiring their natural dimension. You can also use seeds, potted plants, cuttings and grafted plants for the process.
Use a 4 inches high clay pot of 12 inches diameter as a Bonsai pot. This pot should have at least three holes for drainage. You can even buy special Bonsai pots that are freely available.
Fix the plant in the pot
To fit the plant in the pot you might need to prune the roots of the plant. Carry out this process very carefully or else you might damage the roots. Cut the roots a little angularly.
Soil and manure
Since you are forcing the plant from attaining its actual size, your Bonsai must be fed with utmost care. The soil of the Bonsai should not hold any extra water. The soil should contain three parts of half-burnt clay, 3 parts of leaf mould and two parts of coarse sand and a handful of organic compost.
Twice a month add manure to the plant. You can make the fertilizer yourself by making a mixture of cow dung or mustard seed extract and water. Prepare this organic manure seven days prior to feeding your Bonsai. If possible, add 10 grams of super-phosphate and 5 grams of sulphate of potash with 2 liters of the organic manure. Feed the plant only during its growing period and not during its resting period.
Pruning and re-potting
Bonsai should not be grown in over sized pots. It should be re-potted once every year to help it attain the desired size. During re-potting, the roots of the plant should be carefully pruned. Prune branches after re-potting. Then bend the branch according to your choice by tying a copper wire to the branch and bending it to the desired shape. As soon as the leaves reach their full size, prune them, so that the new leaves will be of smaller sizes.
Keep you Bonsai away from direct sunlight and heavy rainfall. It will soon become a beauty of your little garden.