People all over the world are not totally aware of the dangers imposed on our skin due to skin cancer or Nodular melanoma. Not as many researches have been conducted on nodular melanoma as other types of cancer. Due to this, melanoma is often left undiagnosed at most of its stages due to the lack of enough knowledge on the subject.
Not many people are aware of this fact, but the truth is that one of the most serious kinds of skin cancer, which can even lead to death, is the nodular melanoma. Amongst all the cases off thick melanoma, 35% cases are diagnosed as nodular melanoma.
On the other hand, all other forms of general melanoma, that is, the superficial spreading melanoma, is usually diagnosed during its early stages and are thin melanoma, as per their characteristics.
It is quite easy to distinguish between the different kinds of melanoma, namely thin and thick melanoma. Thin melanoma is the kind of skin cancer where the tumors usually spread on top of one’s skin surface; whereas thick melanoma involves tumors penetrating and growing deep inside the person skin.
Nodular melanoma is an extremely invasive kind of cancer. It can usually be seen developing on the arms, torso, and legs of a person, usually over the age of 60 years. However, the scalp of people suffering from melanoma can be affected at any age. The tumors formed due to nodular melanoma are evident in the form of bump-like features on the skin’s surface. Usually they are white, blue, grey, tan, or brown in color.
It is true that nodular melanoma is much less common in comparison to all its other sub-types. In fact, it accounts for not more than 15% of all cases of melanoma. According to research, it has been proved that this disorder usually affects people over the age of 50. In medical terms, it appears in the form of consistent red-blue, black-blue, or amelanotic nodules.
Almost 5 percent of the cases of nodular melanoma do not contain any pigment; these are known as amelanotic melanoma. The areas of the body that are mostly affected by nodular melanoma include neck, head, and the upper torso. One thing that is extremely important to remember is that nodular melanoma usually commences to appear on normal skin, not on pre-existing lesions. They’re also distinguished by their rapid growth.
The survival rate of a person suffering from nodular melanoma in the first five years of its occurrence (early stages) is almost 91%. Similarly in the next phase, the survival rate drops down to 60% whereas it reaches a low of 16% in the later stages. Similar to other kinds of cancer, there are certain things that one can do with to reduce the risk of skin cancer.
To avoid nodular melanoma, avoid exposure to sun’s rays between 10 AM and 4 PM as much as possible. However, if one cannot avoid sun exposure even during these times, wear a hat and put on sunscreen to protect yourself from the harmful UV rays of the sun.