When there is less flow of blood in our body and due to this less amounts of nutrients and oxygen is supplied to any specific tissue, it is known as Ischemia. It may be reversed if the tissue which is affected gets the blood flow again or becomes irreversible which may lead to death of the tissue. It can be of two types. The first one is acute where an instant reaction may take place in the flow of blood and reduces it while the second one is chronic where the blood flow decreases gradually.
This disease can occur in any part of the body and it can result in strokes in the brain or heart attacks. It may also cause problems in the intestine and give rise to pain in the abdominal area. It may result in us passing out stool which contains blood in it or damage the intestine. A patient who suffers from this disease may lose his fingers or even toes or made to opt for limb amputation.
In most cases, the patient suffering from this disease experiences pain but some may not feel the pain. People who suffer from heart diseases, diabetes and blood pressure, consume tobacco, take too much stress and are physically inactive are more prone to getting this disease. It is very important to cure this disease as soon as it is diagnosed so that it does not cause further damage to the body.
Treatment Methods For Ischemia
A number of medications are given to the patient of Ischemia, depending on the cause of the disease. A patient may be given such medicine which thins the blood so that it does not clot easily. This helps to prevent blockage in the coronary arteries. Nitroglycerin is a medicine which helps to increase the flow of blood from your heart to other organs and vice versa and is given to many patients.
Medicines which lower the cholesterol level in your body and increase the width of your blood vessels to improve blood flow are also prescribed to the patient. Some medications help relax the muscles in your heart, slow down your heart rate and lessen the blood pressure of your body so that blood can flow to your heart in an easy manner and are known as beta blockers.
Another name for angioplasty is Percutaneous Coronary Intervention and in this surgical procedure a very long and thin tube which is known as catheter is inserted into the patient’s body through the narrow portion of an artery. The catheter, passes in a wire kind of an object along with a very small balloon which is deflated, to the narrow portion.
Once this balloon reaches the artery, it is inflated so that it widens that artery. After this is done, a stent which is a tiny wire coil with a mesh made in it is placed inside so that the artery remains open. Many stents are designed in such a manner that they pass out medicines into the artery to keep it open. This helps to increase the flow of blood in the heart.
Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery
This is another type of surgical procedure which is being used by many doctors around the world. Here, the surgeon uses a vessel from another part of your body other than the affected one and makes a gap so that he can bypass the blocked arteries with them.
By doing so, he is able to make blood flow in the surrounding areas of the artery which has become blocked or has narrowed down. This is a very complicated kind of surgery and it done in only those cases where there are a number of arteries which have been narrowed down or blocked. This is an open-heart surgery and takes a lot of time to be performed.
Change in Lifestyle
Early symptoms of this disease include feeling of fatigue and shortness of breath. When a person experiences these symptoms and he is diagnosed with Ischemia, he should make rapid changes in his lifestyle pattern to fight the disease effectively. People who smoke should quit smoking immediately while those suffering from high blood pressure, diabetes and cholesterol should take all measures to suppress these diseases.
Also people who drink alcohol should reduce the intake considerably and start exercising on a daily basis. You should change your diet and eat only those food items which are healthy for your body and provide you with nutrition. Salt should be consumed in very little quantities.
Many herbs have been proved to work wonders in curing this disease to a certain extent and increasing the flow of blood in the affected area. Herbs such as hawthorn, passionflower, guilder rose bark and ginkgo biloba are very effective in relaxing your muscles, assisting the body to regulate the pressure of blood and also regularizing heart beats.
They are also natural antioxidants. It is advisable to consume these herbs every day for quick results. You may take them in the form of powder or tea, but it is best to consume them in the mornings.
Omega 3 Fatty Acids and Potassium
Studies suggest that consuming omega 3 fatty acids on a daily basis will help you prevent the chances of getting a stroke. The best source of this fatty acid is fish which should be incorporated in the diet in good quantities.
It is also important to increase the consumption of such food items which are rich in potassium as this helps in lowering the blood pressure in our body which in turn reduces the chances of getting a stroke. You can consume lot of fresh fruits and vegetables to get a high share of potassium in the body.
Vitamin C and E
Having high levels of Vitamin C and E in your body will help reduce the chances of heart attacks and strokes to a great extent. It will keep your heart healthy with increased flow of blood in the whole body.
Eat lots of green leafy vegetables, raspberries, pineapples, tomatoes, citrus fruits and their juices to get Vitamin C. vitamin E is offered by olive oil, corn oil, soybean oil, nuts like almonds and hazelnuts, egg yolks and sunflower seeds.
Photo Credit: http://trialx.com/curebyte/2011/07/13/clinical-trials-and-related-photos-for-brain-ischemia/