How and why do stones form in gall bladder? To understand this, you should know what is a gall bladder and its function. Remember gall bladder is a tiny pouch, shaped like a pear and is located right underneath the right side of the liver. The pouch has a capacity to store as much as 45 ml. of bile at any particular time.
Gallstones are thick hard objects which form inside the pouch, i.e. the gall bladder or hepatic duct, or bile duct. These stones are not regular in shape and can be of the size of a marble or at times, much larger in size. Its color varies from yellow to black or even red.
These gall bladder stones are made of phospholipids, calcium, salt, bilirubin which is a pigment, lecithin, crystallized cholesterol and some forms of bacteria.
With passage of time, these ingredients are filtered through the liver and start accumulating in the gall bladder, which later form into lumps or gall stones.
The presence of gall bladder stones can be easily detected by some modern methods of ultrasonography, in which sound waves of high frequency are allowed to detect the inner aberrations of the body; or through cholecystography, in which the patient is made to swallow a dye to distinguish the gall bladder and ducts, and is then x-rayed to find out the presence of gall bladder stones.
Symptoms of the presence of gall bladder stones:
The main symptom appears when a gall stone comes in the way of bile ducts which pass on to the intestine, a sharp colic occurs, beginning in the top portion of the abdomen, which extends to the back.
When a person is suffering from gall bladder stones, he will experience indigestion and feeling of being bloated.
Finally, the gall bladder will suffer from inflammation, as also duct and pancreas glands, especially in serious cirrhosis cases. Gall bladder stones cannot be left unattended and should be removed as soon as possible under medical supervision.