Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer

To begin with cancer is known to be the most dreaded disease to afflict mankind and for a long time the mere mention of the word struck fear into the hearts of so many people; anyone who happened to be diagnosed with this disease felt like a death sentence was already passed on their lives.

There are different types of cancers, prostate cancer being one of them. As the name suggests, it only afflicts men as it affects the prostate which is a gland in the male reproductive organ and causes impotence in men. Cancer in itself is the abnormal and uncontrolled growth of tissue cells and can affect different parts of the body.

What are some of the causes of cancer?
Many theories have come up to explain the causes of cancer, some of them being people’s lifestyles when it comes to their diets, age, their environment, the sex and in some cases hereditary factors whereby if a close member of your family  like your father had cancer, the chances of you being diagnosed with the same are higher. When it comes to prostate cancer, a good ten percent of the cases have been caused by mutant DNA. Age has also been considered and it is said that the older a man is, the more chances he has of developing prostate cancer. Although it is the most common form of cancer in American men, it is not the leading cause of cancer deaths.

Signs and Symptoms
Knowing the signs and symptoms of prostate cancer can be useful, but the best chance a man has in surviving and with very minimal side effects is through early detection. And this can only be done through yearly physical checkups which include a prostate exam for men over 40 years of age. The key thing to note is that these exams need to be done before any symptoms appear. Although the symptoms of prostate cancer do not normally occur until one has already been diagnosed or the disease has reached an advanced stage, there are signs one can look out for; one being the Urethra which allows urine to exit the body and which is surrounded by the prostate is constricted by an enlarged prostate, thereby making it difficult for one to pass urine.

One may also experience some pain in the lower pelvic region, an increased urge to urinate frequently, painful urination, getting the urge to continue urinating even though one is through. If you happen to notice blood in your urine, this should also be a cause for concern. Other signs are lack of appetite or losing weight abnormally.

The American cancer society recommends that men over the age of 50 should undergo yearly checkups and those who have a family history should start by age 40.In cases where the doctor suspects that a patient is suffering from prostate cancer after an examination, an ultrasound, CT scan, MRI or even a Biopsy is carried out, all these processes are used to fully diagnose the patient before treatment begins depending on the final results.

Yearly medical check ups are very important for anyone’s health, but when dealing with prostate cancer it can mean life or death due to early detection. When detected early and still within the prostate gland, the chances of one surviving are higher and the side effects are also minimal. Once the Prostate cancer has spread beyond the confines of the gland, treatment is still possible but the chances of one surviving with minimal side effects become very low.