Pattern baldness is commonly experienced by men. 35 million men suffer from this in the United States alone. It is called pattern baldness because there is a certain pattern to how they go bald. First, there is a receding hairline, then the almost complete loss of hair on the scalp. Pattern baldness is brought about by a change in the androgenic hormones. It is also called androgenic alopecia.
Cause of Androgenic Alopecia
Androgenic alopecia is a genetic disorder. It is not caused by age like the normal type of baldness. Researchers have discovered that androgenic alopecia is caused by the androgenic hormone called dihydrotestosterone or DHT. Males experiencing baldness are believed by experts to have a high sensitivity to DHT. They fail to react to DHT, which causes the hair to fall out.
Hair Growth and Hair Fall
Human hair commonly grows at an average of 1 inch every 60 days. This growth pattern lasts for about 2 to 6 years before it stops and hair begins to fall out. The hair follicle is the part of the scalp where the hair grows. After a period of time, the hair follicles begin to shrink and tighten causing the hair to grow thinner and eventually fall out.
The Risk Factors
Male pattern baldness can be genetically inherited, so there is a high possibility that you will have the same condition if male members of your family have experienced it. Aside from genetics, there are also other factors that trigger the premature onset of male pattern baldness.
Prevention and Cure
Studies have shown that male pattern baldness can be prevented and cured if the level of DHT is lowered. To keep the hair from falling out, the hair follicles need to be healthy. To reverse the effects of male pattern baldness, the hair follicles need to be desensitized to the hormone DHT. If that is successfully done, the hair follicles will be able to grow new hair.
There are many oral treatments for hair loss available nowadays. They put a stop to hair loss and promote the growth of new hair. 5-alpha reductase inhibitor is an example of this kind of oral treatment. It is an anti-androgenic drug that protects the hair follicles from exposure to DHT. The hair follicles are kept healthy and maintain their capacity to grow new hair.
Statistics show that European men are more predisposed to have male pattern baldness than American men. 50 percent of European men go through male pattern baldness at some point or another. Asian men are the next race most affected by this type of baldness. After the Asians are the Afro-Americans, and lastly the Native Americans.