Although most urinary tract infections or UTIs are not serious, they are painful. Approximately fifty percent of all women will have at least one UTI in her lifetime with many women having several infections throughout their lifetime.
Fortunately, these infections are easily treated with antibiotics that cause the symptoms to quickly disappear. Some women seem are more prone to repeated infections than others and for them it can be a frustrating battle. Normally, urine is sterile. It is usually free of bacteria, viruses, and fungi but does contain fluids, salts, and waste products. An infection occurs when tiny organisms, usually bacteria from the digestive tract, cling to the opening of the urethra and begin to multiply.
The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body. Most infections arise from one type of bacteria, Escherichia coli (E. coli), which normally lives in the colon. Symptoms of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in young children include the following:
Â· Excessive crying that cannot be resolved by typical measures (e.g., feeding, holding)
Â· Loss of appetite
Â· Nausea and vomiting
For adults, not everyone with a UTI develops recognizable signs and symptoms, but most people have some. These can include:
Â· A strong, persistent urge to urinate
Â· A burning sensation when urinating
Â· Passing frequent, small amounts of urine
Â· Blood in the urine (hematuria) or cloudy, strong-smelling urine
Each type of UTI may result in more specific signs and symptoms, depending on which part of your urinary tract is infected. It is common for a person with a urinary infection to complain that, despite the urge to urinate; only a small amount of urine is passed. The urine itself may look milky or cloudy, even reddish if blood is present. Normally, a UTI does not cause fever if it is in the bladder or urethra. A fever may mean that the infection has reached the kidneys. Other symptoms of a kidney infection include pain in the back or side below the ribs, nausea, or vomiting.