What are the common treatments for curing cervical cancer?
The treatment of cervical cancer generally depends upon the carcinogenic stage, the physical status of the tumor, the age and general wellbeing of the patient, and the future pregnancy desire of the female.
Early cervical cancer is usually treated by a hysterectomy (removal of the whole uterus including part of the vagina), thereby destroying the pre-cancerous or cancerous tissue.
There are several surgical ways for patients, who desire to remain fertile, such as Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure (LEEP) or cone biopsy, using electricity to remove abnormal tissue.
The other surgerical treatments for curing early cervical cancer include:
â€¢Â Â Â Cryotherapy – treatment which solidifies abnormal cells
â€¢Â Â Â Laser therapy – treatment using light to destroy abnormal tissues
A hysterectomy (elimination of the whole uterus but not the ovaries) is conducted for cervical cancer that has spread in the body. The surgery may be performed in females having repeated LEEP procedures. In more critical cases, a radical hysterectomy is conducted.
This surgical treatment eliminates the uterus and the adjoining tissues (such as the internal lymph nodes and upper vaginal portion). In the most severe cases, a pelvic exenteration surgery is conducted, which removes nearly all pelvis organs, such as the bladder and rectum.
Radiation therapy is also used to treat cancer that has reached beyond the pelvis region, or to cure the cancer that has revived. The therapy can be conducted both externally and internally.
The internal radiation therapy is conducted by placing a device filled with radioactive material, inside the woman’s vagina.
The device is removed after the process is completed. The external radiation therapy is conducted by beaming radiation onto the carcinogenic area of the body. The method is analogous to x-ray technique.
Chemotherapy is also used to cure cervical cancer. Following medications are used in the chemotherapy treatment: 5-FU, Cisplatin, Carboplatin, Cyclophosphamide, Ifosfamide, and Paclitaxel. Chemotherapy and radiation are also performed in some cases prior to or after the surgery is conducted.