Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease or COPD is a very distressing medical condition in which the patient suffers from a kind of lung obstruction which leads to breathing difficulty.
The condition only gets worse with age and may even become fatal. Chest tightness, wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath may be some of the common symptoms of COPD. Smoking, exposure to air pollutants and sometimes some other factors may account for COPD in an individual.
Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are two conditions which together are nowadays referred to as COPD. The bronchi get inflamed due to chronic bronchitis leading to excess mucus which blocks the airways. The alveoli that are responsible to let oxygen pass into the blood may get harmed due to emphysema. This causes obstruction of oxygen intake into the blood thereby causing breathing difficulty.
Symptoms and Causes of COPD
Chronic cough leading to phlegm and breathlessness, tightness of the chest, wheezing, swollen ankles are some of the symptoms of COPD.
The most dangerous reason for COPD is smoking. Heavy smokers stand great risks of suffering from COPD. Frequent exposure to dust, smoke, air pollutants and sometimes genetics may be responsible for COPD. A weakened immune system due to the presence of some other disease can also account for COPD. An unhealthy lifestyle may often lead to COPD. Therefore, quitting smoking and leading a healthy lifestyle is of utmost importance to prevent the extent of COPD.
Possible Ways to Treat and Prevent COPD
Medicines and steroids are usually administered to patients suffering severely from COPD. Inhalers, mucolytics and bronchodilators may also be administered to get relief from COPD.
Oxygen therapy is another option where arrangement can be made to keep oxygen cylinders ready for the patient to breathe in oxygen.
Tips On Self Help With COPD Disease
If you can administer self help to combat COPD then you will be in a much better position to handle the medical condition. If you are a regular smoker the first and most important step is to quit smoking.
Drink enough water, fluids and follow a healthy lifestyle. Take enough rest and sleep, manage stress effectively, take healthy and balanced diet and do regular exercise. Regular exercise not only keeps your body and mind fit but also improves your breathing mechanism by powering up the breathing muscles. You can also keep the tiredness and fatigue that is caused due to COPD at bay.
Learn more about the medical condition that you are suffering from and this will enable you to devise effective measures and strategies through which you can combat COPD. Pulmonary rehabilitation programs and also support groups can help you become aware about the level of your disease and also offer you with effective measures to combat the same.
Use humidifiers to breathe in thinned air and learn how to clear your throat and lungs from the excess mucus. Perform breathing exercises and keep your medicines always ready after consulting your doctor. Think and feel positive, and thus you will be in a much better position to combat COPD.