The Achilles tendon is used when we do activities like walking and jumping. The main function of the Achilles tendon is to transfer the calf muscles force for lifting the heel. This force allows the body to push off while walking and running. Achilles tendinitis results when there is an overuse and degeneration of the Achilles tendon, which leads to injury. The tendon lacks the normal tensile strength can rupture during sporting activities.
The condition affects runners who run with a high intensity and long duration. The condition can occur due to engaging in sports like tennis and basket by middle age people. Achilles tendinitis occurs when people play games on only weekends. The condition affects athletes who do the training in conditions that are not ideal. The tendon injury heals slowly. Some of the Achilles tendinitis symptoms are as follows.
Symptoms Of Achilles Tendinitis
Swelling, Inflammation And Lumps
In Achilles tendinitis, there is swelling in the Achilles tendon. In addition, there can be inflammation. The skin of the tendon becomes warm. The area around the tendon becomes thick. When the patient wakes up in the morning, there is tenderness and stiffness. The stiffness vanishes when the tendon becomes warm with use. There is formation of nodules in the tendon. In addition, there can be formation of lumps. The skin of the tendon becomes red.
In Achilles tendinitis, the patient has pain due to being inactive for long time. Thus, the pain usually occurs after waking up in the morning. The patient can also have pain after sitting when the body is inactive for a long time. In the beginning, the patient has mild pain at the back portion of the legs. However, later on there is a sharp pain as if the Achilles tendon has been hit.
There is pain in the tendon when it is touched and moved. There can be pain on the heel while walking, running and engaging in sports activities. The patient has problem in standing on one toe. Severe pain results from prolonged running. The patient also has pain while climbing stairs and sprinting. Exercises that involve jumping and pushing can cause pain and thickening of tendon. Due to the pain, it becomes impossible to walk. The pain becomes worse with increased activity. The patient feels better with rest.
Loss Of Strength And Rupture
The patient experiences less strength and movement. The leg feels sluggish. The patient has problem in flexing the foot. When the tendon has complete tear, the patient has problem in pointing the toes. When the Achilles tendon is ruptured, there is a popping or snapping noise, after which there is bruising. Popping is a sign that the tendon is torn. When the rupture is partial, the patient has normal strength. There is less pain in partial rupture in comparison to complete rupture.
Formation Of Bone Spurs And Cracking
When the tendon fibers become damaged, there is calcification and hardening. This leads to the formation of bone spurs which is the extra growth on the bones. When the patient does any movement, there is a feeling that there is grating of the tendon. The tendon can also crack. The patient feels weakness in pushing the toes.