Expecting a child and feeling it grow inside you is probably the most satisfying and gratifying experience, a woman has in her entire life. However, mostly this time of nine months is also filled with physical and mental anxiety, strange physiological changes, disturbed eating and sleeping patterns.
These are normal indications of a pregnancy and need not alarm the mother. There is one condition, which though is a little common but needs special care — low placenta. Usually placenta from which umbilical cord stretches is located somewhere on the sides of uterus, in some cases it is below.
Symptoms & Precautions of Low Lying Placenta
The most common symptom in this case is bleeding and spotting. Usually in the initial stages of pregnancy many women report spotting at the time around there menstrual cycle, however it must never be ignored and the doctor should be consulted. In most of the cases there is no need to worry; in 85-90% of the cases the placenta corrects itself towards the final trimester.
Also, there have been cases where pregnant women bleed for days, yet finally having healthy pregnancies and babies with the right treatment at the right time. Usually doctors put such women on doses of progesterone – the pregnancy Hormone. This strengthens the uterine wall. The duration and size of doses would depend on the doctor’s opinion in each case.
Bed rest is also recommended for such condition which may be for a few days to weeks. Sexual intercourse is also to be avoided completely.Usually the correct diagnosis is possible only upon the ultrasound. And the pregnancy is closely monitored since the more serious consequences of this condition may lead to slow fetal growth, excessive bleeding which is dangerous for the mother and baby.
Causes of Low Lying Placenta
Amongst the known cause of low lying placenta, the most common is implantation of fertilized ovum in the lower part of Uterus. These cases are also more prominent with women of older age conceiving specially the ones who have undergone fertility treatments including assisted implantation of Ovum.
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Where a woman has experienced placenta praevia in her first pregnancy, there are increased chances of having this condition in the subsequent pregnancies as well. Repeated abortions are also said to cause this condition.
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Risks of Low Lying Placenta
If the placenta does not rise with growing baby and into the third trimester, then depending on each case the course of next 2-3 months is charted. If placenta covers the cervix partially or entirely, the normal delivery is not possible.
Only with a clear cervix opening a normal meaning vaginal delivery is contemplated. In this condition, the chances of a premature delivery is also high, therefore doctor would normally put a woman in this condition on medicines, these usually are for expeditious growth of the baby so that even in an eventuality of an early delivery, baby is substantially developed with well functioning organs.
Many women are put to bed rest in these last weeks to reduce the chances of an early labour. The reason behind high incidence of premature delivery is the thinning of uterine lining which automatically thins and gets stretched under the weight and increasing mass of the growing baby.
The right diagnosis and correct course of treatment long with enough care being taken by the mother can ensure a healthy and joyous pregnancy even with placenta praevia .