Preterm Labor: Symptoms And Prevention

preterm labor

Pregnancy is a crucial time when the slightest of carelessness can result in serious complications. Preterm labor is one such complication. It refers to birth of the child before completing the gestation period of 37 weeks.

Premature birth can be troublesome for both the mother and the fetus. Nonetheless this complication can be avoided with proper knowledge and awareness about the symptoms of preterm labor. Taking necessary precautions and timely medical attention can also help in preventing premature birth.

Frequent contractions i.e. 5 contractions or more in a period of one hour is a sign of preterm labor and should not be taken lightly. Vaginal spotting or discharge of bright red blood is yet another symptom of premature labor. If any of these occurs, prompt medical attention should be given to the expecting mother.

Kidney or urine infection is another sign of preterm labor and can be identified in case the expecting mother experiences pain during urination. If the pregnant woman experiences severe pressure on her pelvic region and/or notices a sudden discharge of watery fluid from her vagina, there are chances that it is a case of preterm labor.

Though some cases of premature birth cannot be avoided, some other can be prevented to a certain extent by noticing any sign of preterm labor. In case the pregnant woman experiences any sign of preterm labor, it is advisable to take medical guidance to prevent it from occurring.

Keeping the body hydrated is another good measure to avoid premature birth. When the body gets dehydrated, the volume of the blood falls. As a result a hormone called oxytocin is discharged in increased quantities which cause the uterus to contract. If the infection in the bladder can become the cause of preterm labor, the gynecologist can treat the infection at the right time to avoid complications.

It is critical to take any sign of preterm labor or abnormal activity seriously to prevent chances of complications. Most women disregard these signs and tend to take them leniently. But avoiding these symptoms can result in serious consequences and harm the mother and the child.