What are nose bleeds and how are they caused?
Well, nose bleeds are caused by a variety of reasons but the most common cause of nose bleeds is when people get hit in the nose during a fight or accident. Also nosebleeds can be caused by indirect physical trauma such as hemorrhages or severe migraines, which if a great amount of pressure being put on the brain, a blood vessel would rupture causing the nose to bleed. Also, medications, allergies, colds and/or high altitudes can cause nosebleeds.
Where do they nosebleeds begin?
Ok, most nosebleeds occur at the end of the lower end of the nose in the lower septum, a semi rigid wall separating the two channels of the nose that contains blood vessels. Since the blood vessels lie close to the surface of this wall, they are easily prone to injury.
What are the types of nosebleeds?
There are two types of nose bleeds: The upper and lower septum nose bleeds. The lower septum type nose bleeds usually do not require medical attention, unless the bleeding cannot be stopped or this happens to a young boy or girl. Another cause of nose bleeds is when someone simply picks their nose too much, causing the blood vessels in the lower septum to burst.
How can a lower end nose bleed be treated?
A typical treatment for that type of nosebleed would be by the person sitting straight up and firmly pinching the nostrils together for about 10 minutes. If the nose continues to bleed longer than 20 minutes, medical care should be sought.
What are upper septum nose bleeds?
Upper septum nose bleeds are very rare and they begin within the higher end of the nose and the blood flows down the back of the mouth and throat, even when the person is sitting up straight or standing. Unlike lower septum nose bleeds, which in many cases do not require medical attention, upper septum nose bleeds do require urgent medical attention.
What causes upper end nose bleeds?
They can be caused by high blood pressure, a disease of the arteries, side effects of drugs such as aspirin and cocaine, bleeding disorders such as hemophilia and or by nasal tumors and more.
What are the treatments for upper end nose bleeds?
Treatments for upper end nose bleeds are usually the same as lower end nose bleeds but can be more extensive, such as a doctor cauterizing the bleeding blood vessel, which the patient would be under anesthetics, but in minor cases of upper end nose bleeds, a doctor would pack the nose with gauze or an inflatable balloon to stop the bleeding.