Aging is a gradual and normal process of life. As the age advances the skin starts losing its moisture and elasticity. The cellular structure of the body is affected. This causes the appearance of wrinkles or lines on the skin. Normally, the first signs of aging are noticed between the age of 35-40 years.
Cause of Wrinkles
Apart from the age factor, pre mature aging or wrinkles on the face can also occur due to various reasons. They are, stress, insufficient sleep, a hectic lifestyle, too much work, fatigue, some kind of ailments, excessive smoking or drinking (alcohol) or it could begenetic.
Some people have a family history smooth and glowing skin, age does not affect them. While others can age early. Although one cannot do much about genetic factor, but one can take preventive measure, if prone to pre mature aging.
Aging signs appear in the form of wrinkles on the face, because face is the most exposed part of the body. As a result it has to bear the onslaught of all kinds of weather conditions, dust, pollution, humidity, over exposure to the sun rays etc.
Facial expressions can also give you permanent lines on the face. Frowning or eye brow raising can result in vertical or horizontal line on the forehead, squinting or going out in the sun without sunglasses can develop crow’s feet around the eyes. Sulking may result in forming lines around the mouth. It is very important that you should be aware and conscious of your facial expressions. Try to maintain a smiling or a pleasant expression on the face.
How to deal with wrinkles
• Balanced diet
It is a must for a healthy skin. Foods which are rich in vitamins, especially vitamin E and C, foods with antioxidant properties should be consumed for a healthy skin. Water is essential to keep the skin hyderated, drink plenty of pure and clear water. It rejuvenates the skin. You can add a few drops of lemon juice for taste.
Lemon is also a rich source of vitamin C. It is antioxidant and gives a glow to the face. Other foods that are rich in vitamin C are oranges, grapefruit, pineapple, broccoli, pepper etc.
Carrot has a high content of vitamin A, and it prevents damage to skin cells and keeps the skin youthful. Milk and curd should be included in your daily meals. Curds have a good amount of B complex. Green tea, green vegetables, cucumber, papaya, fresh salads, juices or soups are skin friendly foods. Avoid foods that are high in fat, too spicy or too oily.
• Protect the skin from harsh sunrays
Over exposure in the sun can do extensive damage to the skin It effects the elasticity and reduces the moisture in the skin, which results in wrinkling of the skin.
Try not to go out during peak hours, when the sun rays are strongest. If you must go out then apply sun screen lotion and use an umbrella to avoid direct exposure.
• Facial exercise
Physical Exercise is the perfect way to keep fit. Addition of certain facial exercise in your fitness regime helps to reduce and prevent wrinkle to a large extent.
1. Q&X exercise-Say Q by bringing your lips together, hold to the count of 5,then pull the lips back saying X,hold for 5 seconds. Repeat ten times.
2. Fill your mouth with air as if you are blowing a balloon, rotate the air in the mouth alternately from one cheek to another. Repeat at least 10 times.
3. Suck your cheek in, hold for 5 seconds, go back to normal position. Repeat 10 times.
These exercises are simple to perform and you can do them anytime and anywhere. When watching TV, while cooking or reading. It tones up the muscle around mouth and reduces the lines in this area. Facial wrinkles can also be prevented by practising yoga breathing (Pranayama).
Neck exercise is also essential to prevent the formation of lines in the neck area, which sometimes look quiet ugly. Do it by bending your head forward and try to bring your chin as close to your neck as possible. Hold to count of 5, raise your head and bend it backwards as far as possible. Repeat 5 times. Move your neck sideways, from left to right and vice verse. Practice these exercises smoothly and carefully, without any jerk.
• Skin Care
External care of the skin is as important as internal care. Proper diet, exercise improves the health of our skin internally, but external care should also be taken by cleansing, toning, moisturising and exfoliating regularly. Massage is an essential part of skin care and it is most effective way to keep the skin firm and young.
It improves the circulation of blood and tones up the muscles. Use a good nourishing cream, that suits your skin type and massage with upwards strokes, keep it on for 15-20 minutes and wash face with normal water. Nowadays there are many types of anti aging products available in the market. You can use them after consulting an expert.
Make a schedule of getting a facial from a professional at least once a month. You can follow a few simple home remedies to make your skin look healthy.
Vitamin E is good for nourishing the skin. Take a capsule of Vitamin E, cut it and mix the liquid with any good cream, use it to massage your face. Almond oil can also be used for massage.
Take 2 teaspoon of honey, a pinch of turmeric powder and a few drops of lemon. Mix it and apply on the face and neck for 10-15 minutes. Wash with normal water. Honey is a natural moisturiser and lemon keeps the blemishes away.
You can make a oil for wrinkles at home with dried papaya seeds and coconut oil. Grind the papaya seeds and boil it with coconut oil for 5-10 minutes. Cool and strain it. Store this oil in a bottle. Apply on the face and neck with cotton, leave it on for some time and wipe it clean.
Do not go to sleep with any cream on your face,unless recommended by an expert.
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