Thyroid gland is renowned for carrying out several internal reactions and monitoring different mechanisms in your body with precision and accuracy. Being a crucial gland in the body, any type of malfunctioning leading to over activity or under activity will immediately hamper the gland’s ability to produce hormones effectively, making the condition extremely detrimental.
An overactive thyroid gland, leading to a condition called hyperthyroidism, produces numerous symptoms in the affected individual. Being a disorder that can affect people irrespective of their health status and socio economic background, arming oneself with appropriate knowledge is highly recommended. It is important to note that the symptoms of hyperthyroidism are varied and differ from one person to another. Therefore, it is not necessary for you to experience the same symptoms as that of your family member who has been diagnosed with an overactive thyroid. Additionally, hyperthyroidism is more commonly seen in women than in men, making the female members of the family more easily susceptible to this disorder than their male counterparts.
Symptoms Of Hyperthyroidism
An overactive thyroid will have a direct effect on the person’s metabolism, producing a myriad of symptoms ranging from weight loss to rapid heartbeat. Listed below are five important symptoms you need to be aware of:
Sudden Weight Loss
Since thyroid glands have a direct effect on the body’s metabolism, an over activity will automatically increase the metabolic rate beyond the permissible levels. This will lead to an excess burn out of calories, causing a negative energy balance, making the person lose weight at a rapid rate. Therefore, an unexplained and sudden loss in weight should always be a cause of concern.
An increase in metabolic rate will force various organs in the body to function at an alarmingly rapid rate, in turn increasing the amount of heat being generated inside the body. When this continues for a prolonged period of time, profuse sweating or increased perspiration becomes inevitable. This could be accompanied with extreme heat intolerance due to an imbalance in the body’s temperature, making the person feel extremely cold even when the environmental temperature is normal and tolerable for healthy individuals.
High Blood Pressure
An increase in metabolic reactions of the body will automatically increase the person’s heartbeat, leading to an alarming increase in the person’s blood pressure, which is medically termed as hypertension. This could also be accompanied with visual disturbances. In the long run, an increase in blood pressure will have a direct effect on several vital organs of the body including the eyes, heart and brain. Receiving immediate medical attention becomes mandatory.
Insomnia, depression, anxiety and sudden mood swings making the person extremely irritable and anxious are common symptoms of hyperthyroidism. These are direct by-products of irregular hormonal functioning inside the body, which require immediate medical attention.
Rapid heartbeat, diarrhea, bulging of the eyes, trembling of hands and legs, itching of skin, fatigue and lethargy are some of the other symptoms of hyperthyroidism to look out for. If you notice any or all of the above symptoms, paying a quick visit to your doctor to get the condition diagnosed and treated is highly recommended to prevent further health complications.