Hiatal hernia is a condition that is associated with the protrusion of the stomach through the hole in the diaphragm, which is required for breathing. Hiatal hernia mostly affects individuals who are older than 50 years of age; however, in certain cases, children are also born with hiatal hernia.
It is important to maintain the correct diet, if you suffer from this condition, to prevent exacerbation of symptoms. Given below is an effective diet plan that has proved to be effective for treating cases of hiatal hernia.
Diet Tips For Hiatal Hernia
Increase Fibre Intake
Fibre is known to play a crucial role in the process of digestion and helps in preventing heartburn and indigestion, which are common symptoms associated with conditions like hiatal hernia. Foods that contain high amounts of fibre help in reducing the urge to consume greasy foods. Foods that are good sources of fibre include bran, brown rice, oats, fruits and vegetables. It is important that you consume good amounts of whole grains as they also help in absorbing the excess acid present in the stomach. There are several fruits and vegetables that are acidic in nature, such as tomato, grapefruit and oranges, which must be avoided.
Avoid Garlic And Onions
It is important to note that garlic and onions are foods that should be avoided by those who suffer from hiatal hernia. This is due to the fact that consuming garlic and onions results in a weakened oesophageal muscle, which causes symptoms of acid reflux. In addition to causing acid reflux, these foods also trigger stomach pain in individuals suffering from this condition. There are also several spices such as chilli peppers, which trigger irritation of the stomach and must be avoided.
Avoid Chocolate And Carbonated Beverages
Chocolate is known to cause excess production of stomach acids as well as irritation of the oesophageal lining. This leads to the symptoms of dry cough, heartburn as well as difficulty swallowing. Individuals suffering from hiatal hernia should avoid consuming carbonated beverages due to the fact that they trigger the production of stomach acids and worsen stomach pain.
Avoid Consuming Whole Dairy Products
Individuals suffering from hiatal hernia should avoid consuming whole dairy products as they may cause the symptoms of indigestion and acid reflux. Instead of consuming whole dairy products, the affected individual should try consuming low fat dairy products such as low fat cheese, skim milk, low fat yogurt, tofu and soy cheese.
Increase Protein Intake
Protein is considered helpful in building as well as repairing muscle tissue. In addition to that, protein may also reduce the frequency of acid reflux symptoms by fortifying the oesophageal muscle. Individuals suffering from hiatal hernia should consume low-fat sources of protein, as fatty food triggers heartburn symptoms. Foods such as chicken breast, skimmed milk, egg whites and fish are beneficial for those suffering hiatal hernia. It is also important that you remove all visible fat from chicken or fish, prior to cooking it. This helps to keep the symptoms of indigestion and acid reflux away. You should aim at consuming 0.6 grams of protein per kilogram of bodyweight everyday.