Vitamins are considered to be the most important nutrients that are required by our bodies for good health and vitality.Â Vitamins can be broadly classified as two groups, those that are water-soluble and those that are fat-soluble.
The body needs a constant intake of vitamins that are water soluble, for example, vitamins B and C, as any excess of these will not get stored but they get flushed out from the body. On the other hand, vitamins A, D, E, and K are fat soluble and are stored in the body’s fatty tissues, to be consumed by it as when needed.
The different types of vitamins:
This helps maintain healthy skin and is good for the eyesight. Vitamin A can be sourced from eggs, milk, sweet potatoes, spinach, carrots, etc.
This vitamin category consists of B1, B2, B6, B12, and others like folic acid, pantothenic acid, niacin (vitamin B3) and biotin. The main role of these vitamins is to generate energy to be utilized by the body to function. They also help make red blood cells. Rich sources of vitamin B are whole grains, seafood like fish and others, leafy green vegetables, milk, yogurt and other dairy products, beans, peas etc.
This vitamin can be sourced from citrus fruits like oranges and tangerines, and also in vegetables like cabbage, broccoli etc.Â It is good for the gums, strengthens muscles, heals wounds and fights infections.
This is good for the bones and teeth.Â Vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium.Â Fish, egg yolk, milk and dairy products are good sources of vitamin D.
It forms red blood cells and keeps lungs healthy.Â Whole grains, nuts, leafy green vegetables, etc are good sources of this vitamin.
Vitamin K helps in the formation of blood clots.Â Leafy greens, milk, yogurt, etc., are good sources of Vitamin K.