AIDS or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is a disease, which is caused by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). This virus weakens the natural immune system of a human being, and makes the body susceptible to various kinds of infections and tumors.
This disease gets transmitted from one person to another, with the help of body fluids, like blood, vaginal fluids, semen, and breast milk. There is a myth about this disease, that if any normal healthy person comes near the HIV infected person, the normal person will also get infected. But, this is not true. HIV virus cannot get transmitted in that manner.
It only gets transmitted if a normal, healthy person comes in sexual intimation with the infected person. Apart from this, this virus can also get transmitted with the help of contaminated needles, and by blood transfusion. There are various symptoms associated with this disease, and here in this article I have discussed about the noticeable symptoms observed in patients suffering from HIV AIDS.
Recently it has been noticed, that HIV infected persons have become more and more susceptible to various kinds of cancers. The most common type of cancer appears on the skin, in the form of purplish nodules. This cancer is caused by a gamma herpes virus, which is called Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpes virus.
Apart from this, various other types of cancers can also affect other body organs of a human being, like mouth, lungs and gastro-intestinal tract. Other than these types of cancers, HIV infected persons also have increased risks of suffering from anal and rectal carcinomas, Hodgkin’s disease, lungs cancer, head and neck cancer and hepato-cellular carcinomas.
2. Psychiatric And Neurological Problems
One of the main initial symptoms associated with HIV infection is depression. Depression can normally occur if a person is suffering from any kind of serious diseases, but in case of AIDS, the depression persists for more than a week, and even sometimes, it becomes the permanent companion of the patient.
As the body becomes more susceptible to viral infections, various rare viruses enter into the body of the patient, and cause many neurological and psychiatric diseases. And such a neurological disease is toxoplasmosis, which is caused by a parasite, called toxoplasma gondii.
Another disease called cryptococcal meningitis or infection of the meninx, leads to severe headache, vomiting, nausea, and fatigue. Various other neurological diseases like AIDS dementia complex, Progressive Multi Focal Leukoencephalopathy are also common diseases, which an AIDS patient can suffer from.
3. Weight Loss
Weight loss is a very tough thing. A healthy diet and rigorous exercise can also take lots of days to lower body weight. But if someone is not involved in any such activities, but is actively losing weight, then one can doubt it to be a symptom of HIV AIDS. A person loses weight very rapidly, when he or she gets infected with HIV virus.
4. Pulmonary Diseases
Tuberculosis is a major pulmonary disease that can be noticed in patients suffering from HIV AIDS. According to the World Health Organization, it is also one of the major health problems, associated with HIV patients. Apart from this, another common pulmonary disease associated with HIV patients is pneumocystis pneumonia.
Photo Credit- Potential2success.com