The upsurge in working women has led to the development of commercially available formula, and thus the move from breast-feeding.Â Bottle-feeding is now widely used, and is considered a healthy, practical, and convenient alternative to breast-feeding.Â There are some concerns with bottle-feeding such as hygiene, and nutritional value, but often these are mitigated once preparation and handling procedures are observed.
Hands must be thoroughly sanitized, before handling bottles, feed, or any other apparatus that will come into contact with the infant.Â All bottles, containers, and utensils that are to contact formula, must also be sterilized before and after use.Â These precautions reduce the chance of pathogen transfer to the baby, and ensure health and wellbeing.
Sterilization is essential for at least the first year of a baby’s life, since a baby’s immune system is less resistant to germs, bacteria, and other pathogens, than are the immune systems of older children, and adults.
When mixing the formula, it is important that the following criteria are met, to ensure a continued sterile environment.
1.Â Â Â Boil water, and allow it to cool for twenty minutes. Fill the bottle with the cooled water, to the level specified by the formula manufacturer.
2.Â Â Â Use the supplied measuring scoop and obtain a leveled scoop of the formula.
3.Â Â Â Add the scooped milk powder into the water in the bottle.
4.Â Â Â Place the teat onto the bottle, and screw the retaining ring into place.
5.Â Â Â Cover the teat with the cap, and shake the bottle, to dissolve the milk powder
Freshly made formula should be used at all times, because stored formula increases the chance of sensitivity and illness.
In order to cool the formula, submerse the bottle, the cap covering the teat, under cold running water.Â Test the temperature of the formula by squeezing a little bit onto the palm of your hand.Â Ensure that the teat is full of milk when feeding; otherwise air will be consumed instead of the formula. Always dispose of formula that is left over; since left over formula leads to illness and diarrhea in infants.