What is bone cancer and how does it affect the body?
Bone cancer is a cancer that originates in the bones and eventually spread to other parts of the body. Bone cancer affects the body by causing the bones to be either misshaped or to be weak and not able to support a person’s body. Bone cancer is caused by abnormalities in the bone cells that make up the bone structure.
Bone cancers are usually found in children and young adults and much less in older adults and for the bone cancers found in older adults, they are usually caused by a cancerous spread of another tumor.
There are many types of bone cancers, which some can be easily treated and others cannot be easily treated, like ostseoscroma (the most common bone cancer), Ewing’s sarcoma (which affects young children and young adults), chondrosacroma, (which account for Â¼ of all malignant bone cancers), fibrosacroma (which is commonly found in adults between the ages of 35-55 years old) and lymphoma cancer, which is a cancer that attacks the immune system.
What are the symptoms of bone cancer?
The common symptoms of bone cancer or tumors are pain in the joints of the bones, which becomes worse over time. Also, bone cancer patient’s experience, unexplained weight loss, fevers, chills and night sweats, which are more common after the disease begins to spread.
How is bone cancer diagnosed?
Bone cancer is diagnosed by the use of x-rays to determine bone density and to see if there are any tumors on the patient’s bones. Depending on the type of tumors on the bone (either malignant or benign) the tumors can be removed and the spread of the cancer will cease. Also, doctors use the patient’s medical history and other physical tests to determine if the patient has bone cancer or not.
How is bone cancer treated?
Bone cancer can be treated by several different methods, including, chemotherapy, radiation treatments and surgery. The type of treatments for the cancer depends on the type of cancer being treated, the cancer’s location, the power of the cancer and whether the cancer has spread to any other tissues. The most common way of treating cancer is through surgery, whose purpose is to remove the cancerous tumor and any connecting tissue that is infected by the cancer.
The side effects of the treatments for bone cancer can be either short term or long lasting, depending on the type of treatment and its potency and include complications like nausea, loss of hair, infection, fatigue, loss of bone mass and etc.