Hepatitis is a liver inflammation. Hepatitis b as well as c leads to lifelong infection. The patient can become a lifelong carrier of the virus. There can be cirrhosis, liver cancer and failure. When the infection is severe, it can lead to death. In most cases, the patient does not notice the symptoms of hepatitis.
Symptoms of Hepatitis
All types of hepatitis infections have similar symptoms, though the infections occur due to different viruses. Young patients do not have any symptoms of hepatitis A but with advancing age the infection becomes serious. The symptoms appear after some weeks of the infection. Hepatitis can cause extreme tiredness, muscle pains, flu and fatigue.
The patient has fever, nausea as well as vomiting. There can be diarrhea and loss of appetite. There can be liver problem. The patient has dark colored urine. The bowels become light colored. There can be jaundice in which the skin becomes yellow. The white portion of eyes can become yellow. There is stomach pain and itching of the skin.
Children who have hepatitis A suffer from cold, cough as well as sore throat. If the patient is more than fifty years of age, he or she can have blood-clotting problem. The functioning of the liver becomes worse. The patient has confusion and alertness change. The skin yellowing becomes worse. The liver and spleen becomes swollen. There can be tenderness in the stomach.
Effect of Hepatitis A
The symptoms of hepatitis A last for two months in most cases, but can last for six months if the infection is severe. In most cases, the patient recovers fully from hepatitis A. The infection is not serious.
The patient recovers after 4-8 weeks of the treatment. However, in rare cases the infection may cause liver damage. Patients who suffer from hepatitis A cannot donate blood. Hepatitis A has a significant economic impact on the patient. The patient needs to be hospitalized and has to abstain from work.
Effect of Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B attacks the liver. The infection spreads from one person to another through blood, saliva and semen. The infection can also spread through vaginal fluids. The infection spreads through sexual contact, childbirth and the sharing of needles by drug abusers.
Patients develop immunity to the infection after the course of the disease and the infection cannot be spread to others. Patients who have chronic Hepatitis B infection can develop liver cirrhosis and cancer. The liver can become scarred and damaged.
Effect of Hepatitis C
Patients who have hepatitis C infection do not show any symptom. The symptoms are noticed only after liver damage has occurred. Patients who have the hepatitis C virus can become chronic carriers of the infection.
Some patients develop cirrhosis and liver cancer. The patient has the infection for the whole life and can spread the virus. Chronic hepatitis c infection is the most serious of all other types of hepatitis viruses.
Due to hepatitis, the ability of the liver to produce bile can become affected. Due to this, there is formation of colored pigments in the blood, leading to yellow skin and eyes. Patients who have liver disease suffer from malnutrition and deficiency of essential nutrients. Due to bile problems, the body cannot absorb many vitamins including Vitamin A and E. The vitamins D and K are also not absorbed properly.
Photo Credit: http://www.earthtimes.org/health/world-hepatitis-day-28th-july/2104/