A carbon footprint is a measure of how much carbon dioxide (CO2) you add to the atmosphere in a year. When you drive, use your computer, watch TV, wash laundry using a washing machine, use heaters, cook food or even use plastic bags, you are emitting carbon into the atmosphere.
The first step in reducing your carbon emissions would be to calculate it. You can visit carbon calculating websites online and get an idea of your improvement areas. Below are some other ways to reduce your carbon footprint.
Compact fluorescent lamps (CFL) release and expend less energy and last more. They have a life-span about 10000 hours. This means that you pay less for electricity usage and also lower your carbon footprint.
Wall insulations keep the heat within your home and replace the need for a room-heater. Cavity walls are used for this purpose. A cavity wall comprises an outer and inner wall with an air cavity in between.
Harvest water by creating a system where the gutters in your roof or terrace direct rainwater in a storage tank. You can re-use this water for watering your plants or use it in your toilet flush. Grow more plants if you have place inside or outside your home. Even potted plants will do.
Avoid using your car or motorbike when traveling to a nearby location. Use the public transport instead, or you could even walk. Always keep your vehicle serviced.
Turn off lights when you are not using them. Switch off your computer if you have finished using it. Sometimes people just lock the computer without switching it off.
Cook using microwave ovens as these consume less energy. You can even switch to a vegetarian diet, as cooking meat requires more energy usage.
Use paper bags instead of plastic bags. Even when you are going shopping try and carry your own bag.