The Sahara Desert is known as the planet’s biggest desert that covers up regions from Western Sahara, Algeria, Niger, Mauritania and Egypt. It also covers some areas of Sudan, Libya, Chad, Morocco, Tunisia and Mali. Sahara usually remains dry throughout the year, though it gets ample cyclic rainfall.
Nile and Niger are only the two undying rivers that run through the desert. In present time, it’s estimated that the Sahara desert is increasing by as much as 30 miles every year. Global warming and different sorts of farming are the leading causes behind this occurrence.
The Saharan Flora
The Sahara desert has a wide range of flora species and most of these species belong to xerophytes category, fleeting plants and halophytes in wetter regions. You can view a wide range of succulents, lichens, as well as shrubs in the Western Sahara zone. In fact, they depend on the moisture of the Atlantic Coast. Grasses, shrubs and trees can be easily found in the moorlands, as well as near rivers.
The Saharan Fauna
Goats and dromedary camels are the Sahara’s most domestic animals. The camels are the most useful animal in this region due to their stamina and speed. ‘Deathstalker’ scorpion is one of the breathing creatures that live in the desert with ease. Though the poison of the ‘Deathstalker’ is dangerous, it doesn’t kill adults.
Some other creatures of the Sahara desert include Monitor lizards, sand vipers, fennec fox, hyrax and the ostrich. The Sahara desert is also a perfect habitat for the addax, a big white antelope, which has turned into a sort of rare species. The specialty of the addax antelope is that it can easily cope with the ecological changes in the Sahara desert and can remain there for several months without drinking water.
Black throated firefinch and the African Silverbill are the special birds that can be viewed in the air of Sahara desert. In fact, you can view around 300 species of birds in the Sahara desert. Overall, the Sahara Desert has amazing flora and fauna to view!