Ergonomics is the study of workers and their relationship with their working environments. It is also called human engineering. Good ergonomics contribute to the successful design and implementation of excellent work-enabling infrastructure that increase employee engagement, motivation, abilities and performance on the job.
Some employees constantly fall sick when they come to work. Their working environment can be the reason. It is important to develop good building ergonomics. Faulty air-conditioning, inadequate air circulation or even glaring computer screens may affect the employees.
The workplace should have adequate lighting, with a decent amount of natural light that can be controlled with blinds or shades. The overhead electric lights should be placed slightly away from computer screens. There should be minimal external noise, as even this can cause disturbance to an employee.
Ergonomics while at work
Your body must be managed while at work. If your job is a sedentary one, then correct body postures should be employed. The following are the ergonomics to use while at work.
1) Make sure you have an adjustable chair that allows you to keep your feet on the ground or on a footrest. There should also be sufficient space under your desk, to move your legs freely.
2) Take short breaks now and then. Get up and walk a bit.
3) Do not sit with your legs crossed. Try and sit with your two legs in a parallel position.
4) Change your sitting posture every 30 minutes. If you have been sitting upright, then just recline back after sometime.
5) Don’t sit with your head forward over your shoulders. Position your head in a relaxed manner, either above or slightly behind the shoulder.
6) Don’t stare at the computer screen for too long. Try looking away frequently.
7) Your monitor should be facing you in parallel. Don’t let it face upwards or downwards. Your eye position should be above the top of the monitor.
8) Maintain an arms length between your eyes and the monitor screen.
9) Try to sit in a relaxed upright position. Don’t sit in a slumbered position.
10) Breathe deeply and regularly. Long working hours can lead to shallow breath, so remember to breathe well.