How to detect prostate cancer

pcn The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system. It is located in the pelvis under the urinary bladder. The prostate makes and stores semen. Cancer of the prostate happens when cells of the prostate begin to multiply out of control.

These cells can spread to other parts of the body. Prostate cancer can cause difficulty when urinating, erectile dysfunction and problems during sexual intercourse. Cancer of the prostate is most common in American men and African-American men.

Who is at risk?

A man’s risk is dependant on various factors like age, genetics, diet etc. Most of the people diagnosed with prostate cancer are above 65 years of age. A man’s genetic history is also a factor in the development of prostate cancer.

Men who have brothers having prostate cancer can also get it. Even diet is responsible for this disease. People who eat trans fat food have higher incidence of the disease. Low levels of Vitamin E and D can also trigger it.

The symptoms

1) Urinary problems like difficulty in trying to pass or stop urine. Frequent urination. Pain during urination. Weak urinary stream.


2) Erectile dysfunction.

3) Bloody urine or semen.

4) Pain in the lower body.

Detection

1) Consult a doctor. The doctor will perform a digital rectal exam (DRE). In this procedure lumps are identified in the prostate.

2) A blood test is taken to detect a substance made by the prostate called prostate-specific antigen (PSA).

3) To confirm cancer in the prostate, a biopsy might be done. In this procedure, the urologist will examine tissues or liquids under local anesthesia.

4) In some cases, imaging tests might be done like a bone scan, CT scan, and MRI scan. These tests will detect the spread of cancer to the bones and other areas of the body.

Prevention

Some prevention methods have been identified for prevention from prostate cancer.

1) Reduction of oil and trans fat in food.

2) Frequent ejaculation of at least five times a week.

3) Taking vitamins supplements for Vitamin D, Vitamin E. Drinking green tea. Eating more cauliflower and broccoli.



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